force), and Fredendall (Center Task Force) • British Leader Vice Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay • Axis leaders: Admiral Francois Darlan (French), General Alphonse Juin (French), General Charles Nogues (French), General Field Marshall Irwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps (Germany) • French Military forces : Vichy Troops
U.S. General Dwight D Eisenhower
• British Leader Vice Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay
The Battle • 1942-Soviet Union pressed U.S and Britain to start operations in Europe, and open a second from to reduce pressure of German troops on them. • U.S favored landing in occupied Europe, but Britain believed it to be suicide and a disaster. • Roosevelt and Churchill reached an agreement to invade North Africa and send troops. • On Nov. 8th, 1942, 125,000 British and American soldiers, airmen and sailors invaded the French in North Africa. • Nov. 11, 1942- General Mark Clark arranged an armistice agreement with the French. • Nov. 12, 1942- Operation Torch ends.
Operation Torch • This was the first offensive operation that the U.S performed against Germany in WWII • The attacks were carried out using boats designed to land on beaches • The forces were divided into three 3 groups: Western, Central, and Eastern.
Attack at Casablanca •