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Partnerships have been established that go beyond

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Partnerships have been established that go beyond health care and use a communitydevelopment model which involves a variety of disciplines in response to the needsidentified by the communities. However, the lack of systematic study of both processesand outcomes related to IPE threatens the sustainability of these endeavours givengovernment drivers of cost effectiveness and cost efficiency.
In Canada, there have been a number of initiatives supported by Health Canada relatedto collaborative care since the 1990s. The 2003 First Minister’s Accord on Health CareRenewal identified changing the way health care professionals are educated. Interprofes-sional education for collaborative patient-centred practice (IECPCP) has been identifiedboth in the Accord and in the 2003 Federal Budget to address current and emerginghealth and human resource issues. It is also seen as a mechanism to ensure that healthpractitioners have the knowledge, skills and attitudes to practice together in an effectivecollaborative manner.In order to provide advice to Health Canada on how to achieve this aim, the NationalExpert Committee for IECPCP was formed. The mandate of this committee includes:offering advice on current and emerging issues and trends in IECPCP and suggestingareas for further analysis; assisting in overseeing specific activities and projects;promoting this initiative and creating alliances and partnerships across disciplines andcare sectors.This paper is based upon a chapter written for the report for Health Canada (Oandasan etal., 2004), that provided a systematic review and environmental scan that examined thenature and impact of IPE. The aim of the chapter is to identify and understand theeducational processes that support the development of IECPCP. The report, of which thispaper amongst the others found in this supplement, serves as background informationfor the National Expert Committee on IECPCP in its task of promoting IECPCP in Canada.MethodologyA search was conducted to obtain literature on competencies, attitudes, values, teachingmethods, learning conditions, faculty development and training related to IPE. Due to thetime constraints for completion of the systematic literature review, references from a keysystematic review on IPE (Freeth et al., 2002) were used as a starting point. Because thisreview included primarily evaluation studies, a broader literature review in this field wasnecessary to capture both descriptive and evaluative references. A search was thereforeconducted on Medline and CINAHL from 1990 – 2003 using the following search terms:The learner, the educator and the learning context 23‘‘interprofessional’’, ‘‘multiprofessional’’, ‘‘interdisciplinary’’, ‘‘multidisciplinary’’ and‘‘team’’. This part of the search was combined with the following key words and phrases:‘‘education’’, ‘‘teaching methods’’, ‘‘faculty development’’, ‘‘attitudes’’ and‘‘competency’’.A further search was also conducted in ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)

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Term
Spring
Professor
Maam Maraco
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