How has this come to be was it because of congress

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How has this [come to be]? Was it [because of] Congress? Was it in obedience to the … [demands] of the Federal Government? Not atall; … they have become Free States under the … great principle of self-government which teaches every people to do that which …[benefits] themselves and their … [morals] require.Under the operation of this principle [of popular sovereignty] New Hampshire became free, while South Carolina continued to holdslaves; Connecticut abolished slavery, while Georgia held on to it; Rhode Island abandoned [slavery], while Maryland preserved it;New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania abolished slavery, while Virginia, North Carolina, and Kentucky retained it…Did they do itin obedience to any of your Wilmot provisos …? Not at all; they did it … as freemen under the Constitution of the United States, toestablish and abolish such institutions as they thought their own good required.Let me ask you where have you succeeded in excluding slavery by an act of Congress from one inch of the American soil? You maytell me that you did it in the Northwest Territory, by the [Northwest Ordinance] of 1787. I will show you by the history of the countrythat you did not accomplish any such thing. You prohibited slavery there by law, but you did not exclude it in fact. Illinois was a partof the Northwest Territory. With the exception of a few French and white settlements, it was a vast wilderness…when the ordinanceof 1787 was adopted. Yet, sir, when Illinois was organized into a territorial government it established and protected slavery, andmaintained it in spite of your ordinance, and in defiance of its express prohibition.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854QuestionAnswerWhat principle should regulate the“domestic institutions” of a people andwhat policy should not govern these“domestic institutions?” [p. 275]What does Douglas call the “leadingfeature” of the 1850 Compromise? [p.277]Regarding congressional action towardsslavery in federal territories, what doesDouglas say the 1854 Kansas-NebraskaAct has in common with the 1850Compromise? [p. 278]What caused the spread of freedom inthe U.S., and what did not promote thespread of freedom? [p. 278]What does Douglas argue about thestatus of slavery in his home state ofIllinois, and what does he concludeabout the role of Congress in regulatingslavery in the federal territories? [p.278]Abraham Lincoln, “Speech at Peoria in Reply to Senator Douglas,” October 16, 1854:-bin/getobject_?c.1872:1./lib35/artfl1/databases/sources/IMAGE/[Page 205] This is therepealof the Missouri Compromise…I … shall try to show, that it is wrong--wrong in its direct effect, letting slavery into Kansas and Nebraska, and wrong in its …principle, allowing it to spread …Thisdeclaredindifference … I must think… [is]… zeal[enthusiasm], for the spread of slavery… I hate it because of the monstrousinjustice of slavery itself. I hate it because it … enables [other nations] to taunt us as hypocrites; [and] … to doubt our sincerity; andespecially because it forces so many good men [into

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Compromise Of 1850, Uncle Tom s Cabin, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War, Senator Stephen A Douglas, Congressman Abraham Lincoln, Fugitive Slave Act of 1850,

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