Coup failed due to chinese interference little public

This preview shows page 15 - 16 out of 16 pages.

Coup failed due to Chinese interference, little public support, and death of King’s supporters and Min ClanAftermath of Coup: Bad reputation for reform, void of talented people in KoreaTonghak Uprising:Caused by Control of China, gov’t corruption, heavy taxation, Japanese Eco.PenetrationWant to restore Taewon’gun, destroy Min Oligarchy, and expel JapaneseKabo ReformsKorea as an independent nationEstablish Cabinet centered constitutional monarchyUndertake economic, military, educational reformLevel social status systemEstablish Korea’s national independenceCabinet Centered constitutional MonarchyFiscal reforms and Modern tax systemImprove Internal security and external defense, modern militaryReform educational systemModern Judiciary systemSocial reform (Class distinction, women, sumptuary laws, etc)Independence Club:Safeguard national independencePolitical DemocracyCriticized government policiesPro West, pro JapaneseNew Independence from ChinaGreat Han Empire (대한제국)Strengthen the monarchy to make Korea more independentRoyal Household ministry<Gojong & foreign country >During the reign of Gojong, real power initially belonged to his father Heungseon Daewongun, who on one hand sought toreform corrupt state institutionsbut on the other hand pursued a policy of isolationism, opposingthe opening of the country to Western and Japanese influences. From the 1870s onwards, Queen Min(명성황후) became more dominantand pursued a policy of cautious modernisation and opening up. Her dominance was opposed by reactionaries and progressives alike. The Enlightenment Party(also known as Progressives) sought to modernise the country along Western and Japanese lines. Even amongst the modernisers factions emerged, with one faction favouring the Russian Empire and a second favouring the Japanese Empire, initially the influence of the Russians was strongest but waned with
their defeat to Japan in the Russo-Japanese War. These factional struggles led to the Imo Incident and Gapsin Coup, as well as increased foreign interference in Korean affairs.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture