– Visualization is the ability to imagine how separate things will look if they were put together in a particular way.
MGMT 363 ‐ Wesson 58 Cognitive Ability, Cont’d • Perceptual abilities generally refer to being able to perceive, understand, and recall patterns of information. – Speed and flexibility of closure refers to being able to pick out a pattern of information quickly in the presence of distracting information, even without all the information present. – Perceptual speed refers to being able to examine and compare numbers, letters, and objects quickly. Cognitive Ability, Cont’d • People who are high on verbal abilities also tend to be high on reasoning, quantitative, spatial, and perceptual abilities. • The most popular explanation for the similarity in the levels of different cognitive abilities within people is that there is a general mental ability — sometimes called g or the g factor —that underlies or causes all of the more specific cognitive abilities discussed so far. Emotional Ability • Emotional intelligence is a human ability that affects social functioning. – Self‐awareness is the appraisal and expression of emotions in oneself. • Ability of an individual to understand the types of emotions he or she is experiencing, the willingness to acknowledge them, and the capability to express them naturally. – Other awareness is the appraisal and recognition of emotion in others. • Person’s ability to recognize and understand the emotions that other people are feeling.
MGMT 363 ‐ Wesson 59 Emotional Ability, Cont’d • Emotional intelligence, continued – Emotion regulation refers to being able to recover quickly from emotional experiences. – Use of emotions reflects the degree to which people can harness emotions and employ them to improve their chances of being successful in whatever they are seeking to do. • It is a more important determinant of job performance for people with lower levels of cognitive intelligence. Physical Abilities • Strength is the degree to which the body is capable of exerting force. • Stamina refers to the ability of a person’s lungs and circulatory system to work efficiently while he or she is engaging in prolonged physical activity. • Flexibility refers to the ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach. • Coordination • Psychomotor abilities generally refer to the capacity to manipulate and control objects. • Sensory abilities refer to capabilities associated with vision and hearing. How Important Is Ability • Cognitive ability is a strong predictor of job performance — in particular, the task performance aspect. • People who have higher general cognitive ability tend to be better at learning and decision making.
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