Questions for discussion Directions Answer the following questions based on the

Questions for discussion directions answer the

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Questions for discussion. Directions: Answer the following questions based on the reading. 1. Discuss how Deng Xiaoping tried to modernize China. He shared a piece of land among 18 farmers, and gave them an exception in rule. He said ‘You can farm and earn as much as you want. Just pay some amount (as a tax) out of it, the remaining you can sell at whatever price you want to.’. Each farmer started working day and night, as all of them wanted to increase their crop. And that’s how overall productivity of Chinese Farmer
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increased by 50%. Farmers started earning money, so they could now afford new things for themselves. Here came the problem. China didn’t have any industries which could produce these ‘stuff’ for people. 2. How did Deng’s policies differ from those of Mao Zedong? in Mao's time, China operated as a complete planned economy. everything was state owned, everybody worked for the state. resources allocation, production, distribution and price was determined by economic planners, everyone got equal pay. Deng shifted China toward market economy. certain sectors were opened for private business, personal wealth started to become protected. although fundamental means of production (land, natural resources etc) remained state-owned, market forces started to determine supply/demand, and the resulting price of goods and services. 3. Why was the world shocked by the Tiananmen Square Massacre? Many people were sacrificed in dictatorship in China, but liberal people all over the world were always on the side of the Communist Party of China and had a cold attitude towards the victims. Since the Tiananmen Incident, liberal people have become unable to publicly support the Communist Party of China. The Chinese Communist Party has no choice but to pressurize the tyranny in order to explore the point of contact with the West.
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  • Fall '15
  • Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989

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