Even when informed that the sample contained an equal

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Even when informed that the sample contained an equal number of males and females from each school The same description was judged more likely to come from a nursing student when attached to a female face Even when a strong gender stereotype is known to be irrelevant It has an irresistible force o Stereotypes bias interpretations Color how we interpret events (Dunning & Sherman, 1997) Sometimes we make judgments or being interacting with someone With little to go on but our stereotype Stereotypes can strongly bias our interpretations and memories of people Bond and others (1988) After getting to know their patients White psychiatric nurses put Black and White patients in physical restraints equally often Restrained incoming Black patients more often than their White counterparts With little else to go on stereotypes mattered Such bias can operate more subtly (Darley & Gross, 1983)
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Princeton University students viewed a videotape of a fourth-grade girl, Hannah The tape depicted her either in A depressed urban neighborhood, supposedly the child of lower-class parents An affluent suburban setting, the child of professional parents Asked to guess Hannah’s ability level in various subjects Both groups of viewers refused to use Hannah’s class background to prejudge her ability level Each group rated her ability level at her grade level Other students also viewed a second videotape Showing Hannah taking an oral achievement test in which she got some questions right and some wrong Those who had previously been introduced to professional-class Hannah Judged her answers as showing high ability Recalled her getting most questions right Those who had met lower-class Hannah Judged her ability as below grade level Recalled her missing almost half the questions The second videotape was identical for the two groups When stereotypes are strong and the information about someone is ambiguous Stereotypes can subtly bias our judgments of individuals Evaluate people more extremely When their behavior violates our stereotypes (Bettencourt & others, 1997) - Consequences of prejudice-perception o Knife Migration (Allport-Postman, 1945) Rumor transmission Seven retellings yielded about ½ the stories showing knife migration o Automatic responses (Eberhardt et al., 2004) Being primed with Black (but not White) faces increases speed for detecting degraded images of weapons Not for crime-irrelevant objects
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o Shooter bias (Correll et al., 2002) Created a videogame where African American or White targets held guns or cell phone or wallets Instructed to “shoot the bad guy, don’t shoot the good guy” Study 1 Participants fired on an armed target more quickly when he was African American Study 2 Participants failed to shoot armed White target more than armed African American target Shot unarmed African American target more Study 3 Effects stronger for participants who hold stronger African-American-aggression associations o
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