MUSC 115 Study Guide for Midterm Exam.docx

Theme divine unity of temple and virgin mary new

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Theme = divine unity of Temple and Virgin Mary NEW THEORY: Dufay’s motet in fact evokes the proportions of the Temple of Solomon, equating the Cathedral to Jerusalem Temple of Solomon = a powerful and enduring image Mary and her womb = a sanctuary and maternal temple in which Christ was nurtured = Mary is the Temple of Christ Dufay wanted to honor the cathedral of Florence and express this devotion while venerating the sanctity of the Virgin herself He wanted to signify two truths: that the Virgin and the Universal CHurch are worthy of honor, not merely the Cathedral of Florence Q: How are Guillaume Dufay’s motet Nuper rosarum and Josquin Deprez’s Ave maria gratia plena different? Dufay’s motet is devoid of any humanistic influence, and doesn’t have the musical rhetoric that Josquin uses (intensifying the meaning of text through purposeful changes in register, texture, meter, harmony, and etc.) So Dufay doesn’t paint the textual meaning in the music, but implicitly through symbolism his theme of Cathedral of Florence = Temple Furthermore, Josquin’s usage of fuga is a lot more complex and robust than Dufay
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Josquin also utilizes faburden in his harmonizations Really complicated development of musical ideas throughout the piece that isn’t seen as much in Dufay’s composition This fuga was a stylic innovation of the Josquin generation, and the difference between Josquin and Dufay was that Josquin’s use of fuga was very systematic and deliberate, and sounds effortless and seamless Q: How do 16 th -century madrigals reflect the Aristotelian ideal that art should imitate nature? What about secular music from Germany, Spain, and France? (Wegman, Rob C., “And Josquin Laughed . . .’ Josquin and the Composer’s Anecdote in the Sixteenth Century.” JAMS , Vol.17, No 3 (Summer, 1999), pp.319-357.) Madrigal - Italian and English polyphonic work that usually had pastoral or erotic themes, and conveyed the artful ideas and images and emotions in text through the music Arcadelt’s Il bianco e dolce cigno - death depicted in plainative rising and falling half-steps, with lots of imitative entrances evoke the “thousands of deaths” Using intervals associated with sadness or joy can convey the breathtaking emotions that the composer wants to convey Chromaticism = tears “Fa-la-la” = animal in English madrigals Chanson - French song that is usually light, fast, rhythmic, and usually strophic Imitative calls of nature like bird calls, hunting calls, street cries, and sounds of war “The Song of Birds” that communicates vocal warbles and chirping Made sure that text and music fit the rhythm and reflected the imagery and appropriate feelings Earth and sky portrayed by going down or up; dark night is played somberly while shining day is vibrant and colorful Lied - German polyphonic popular song where there is free counterpoint between tenor and the other voices
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