1 how does rotation differ from revolution 2 complete

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Complete the following worksheet using the Lecture 3 slides and pages 84-96 in the textbook. 1. How does rotation differ from revolution ? 2. Complete the table below. Determine if the statement is describing latitude or longitude. Drawn perpendicular to the Earth’s axis of rotation The fundamental reference point is the Equator which divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemisphere The Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn are important lines in this system These lines can’t exceed 90° East-West directions/placement are determined using these lines These lines meet at the poles and are not parallel to one another 3. In the space below, sketch the Earth’s orbit. Be sure to plot and label the sun, aphelion and perihelion. 4. The Earth’s axis of rotation is tilted at __________ and points at Polaris (the North Star). 5. The Circle of Illumination divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. (True / False)
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6. Complete the table below. Determine if the statement is describing the June Solstice, December Solstice, Vernal Equinox and/or Autumnal Equinox . All locations on the Earth experience an equal number of day and nighttime hours The noon sun is directly above the Equator The noon sun is directly above the Tropic of Cancer (23.5°N) The South Pole experiences 24 hours of daylight The shortest day of the year in the Southern Hemisphere 7. The angle between a line drawn tangent to the Earth’s surface and the incoming solar rays at noon (0-90°) is the ________________________________________________. 8. During the winter season, is the SZA small (close to 0°) or large (close to 90°)? What effect does the size of the SZA have on the season? 9. Describe the relationship between NSA and beam spreading. 10. When the sun is nearly overhead, the (NSA, SZA) is at a maximum and beam spreading is at a (maximum, minimum). 11. Why is it important to account for daily hours when analyzing seasons and seasonal change?
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GE101 – Natural Environment: The Atmosphere Study Guide Worksheet Lecture 4 – Heating Earth’s Surface and Atmosphere Complete the following worksheet using the Lecture 4 slides and pages 36-38 and 52-75 in the textbook. 1. As the heat content within a substance or fluid increases, the temperature of that substance or fluid also increases. (True / False) 2. Energy is categorized in the Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) according to its ________________________. 3. List the bands of radiation in the EMS from greatest energy content to least energy content. In your list, write “Sun” next to the band where the peak solar energy is found. Write “Earth” next to the band where the peak solar energy is found. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 4. Radiation that is considered to have higher energy content has (larger, smaller) wavelengths. 5. What does the Stefan Boltzmann Law tell you about the relationship between temperature and emitted radiation? 6. What does Wien’s Law tell you about the relationship between temperature and radiation?
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7. Complete the following table of daily insolation for December 21 (December Solstice) and June 21 (June Solstice) at 60°N. Determine whether daylight hours, solar noon angle (SNA) and insolation are maximized or minimized on each date.
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