Preparing the ballot and voting(1) The voter, upon receiving hisfolded ballot, shall forthwith proceed toone of the empty voting booths and shallthere fill his ballot by writing in theproper space for each office the name ofthe individual candidate for whom hedesires to vote. No voter shall be allowed:to enter a booth occupiedby another, nor enter thesame accompanied bysomebody,except asprovidedforinthesucceedingsectionhereof;to stay therein for alongertimethannecessaryto speak with anyoneother than as hereinprovided while inside thepolling place. It shall be unlawful:to prepare the ballot outsidethe voting booth;to exhibit its contents to anypersonto erase any printing fromthe ballotto intentionally tear or defacethe same or put thereon anydistinguishing mark;to use carbon paper, paraffinpaper, or other means formaking a copy of thecontents of the ballot;to make use of any othermeans to identify the vote ofthe voter.Preparation of Ballots for Illiterates andDisabled Persons(Sec. 196, B.P. 881)No voter shall be allowed to vote as anilliterate or as a physically disabledunless it is so indicated in hisregistration record.A voter who is illiterate or physicallyunable to prepare the ballot by himselfmay be assisted in the preparation ofhis ballot by the following:(a)a relative by affinity orconsanguinity within the fourthcivil degree, or (b)if (a) is not available, then anyperson of his confidence whobelongstothesamehousehold; or(c)any member of the board ofelection inspectors.In no case shall an assistor assistmore than 3 times. The person assisting shall:prepare the ballot for theilliterate or disabled voterinside the voting booth;bind himself in a formaldocument under oath to fillout the ballot strictly inaccordancewiththeinstructions of the voter andnot to reveal the contents ofthe ballot prepared by him.A violation of these 2 dutiesshall constitute an electionoffense.Spoiled BallotsIf a voter should accidentallyspoil or deface a ballot insuch a way that it cannotlawfully be used, he shallsurrender it folded to thechairman who shall note inthe corresponding space inthe voting record that saidballot is spoiled. The votershall then be entitled toanother ballot which thechairman shall give him afterannouncing the serial numberof the second ballot andrecording the serial number inthe corresponding spaces inthe voting record. No voter shall change his ballotmore than once. (Sec. 14, R.A. 8436)The spoiled ballot shall,without being unfolded andwithoutremovingthedetachablecoupon,bedistinctly marked with theword "spoiled" and signed bytheboardofelectioninspectorsonthe35
endorsement fold thereof andimmediately placed in thecompartmentforspoiledballots.