Difficult to learn analytical skills the art of

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Difficult to learn analytical skills: the art of interpretation Inductive Reasoning Begin with empirical social world Develop a theory from the data Data —> theory Example: Susan Walzer’s research mothers well-being how do couples negotiate transitions to parenthood? 50 couples interviewed analysis of transcripts: women and men have different experiences - theory: WHY? what it means to be a parent is different for women and men emerged from the data
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS The study of non-measurable, subjective behaviours (e.g., the effects of divorce) Use words to understand how social issues affect individuals Concern is not on the effects for the group but the individual JEAN KILBOURNE, TEDTALK Jean Kilbourne: Killing Us Softly women represented in a limited number of ways and in only a few areas of social life sexualized, infantilized, domesticated and victimized - rendered susceptible to violence image stability : femininity: care/home; masculinity: work/politics/rationality DRAG Gender as Performative DOING, not being constantly performing activities appropriate to definitions of masculinity and femininity gender as a convincing achievement a form of drag if gender is a performed accomplishment, it is not natural and can and does change DOUBLE GHETTO BINARIES/DICHOTOMIES dichotomies (also sometimes called 'binaries' and/or 'binarisms') are the subject of attention because they may form the basis to divisions and inequality. POSITIVISM the philosophy of quantitative research borrowed from physical sciences A theoretical approach that considers all understanding to be based on science 4 tenets of positivism a single objective truth can be discovered (if we collect enough data and manipulate it – we can find the exact truth) Right and wrong answered Numbers don’t lie Research can be objective, unbiased (positivists believe objectivity is possible) FUNCTIONALIST THEORY OF GENDER suggests that gender inequalities exist as an efficient way to create a division of labor, or as a social system in which a particular segment of the population is clearly responsible for certain acts of labor and another segment is clearly responsible for other labor acts.
CONSTRUCTIONS OF MASCULINITY Gender as a SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION a social system specific to a society organizes relations between women and men, including their relative social value NOT a ‘thing’ one has ideas and practices associated with masculinity and femininity in a society gendered ideas and practices change as the larger social context changes QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH uses numbers as its unit of analysis social life converted into numbers (e.g., questionnaire answers) numbers manipulated statistically to find patterns in the data used the patterns to determine: 1. cause/effect (e.g., race/wages) 2. probability (e.g., election polls) - likelihood that something is

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