French defeat at the elusive hands of Germany in World War II transformed the history of France to come. Hitler quickly negotiated an armistice with France, which was ostensibly lenient but would trap France into total submission. The Nazis established a puppet regime in France, known as the Vichy, led by national hero, Philippe Petain, and Pierre Laval. What the public saw was antithetical to actual forces at play during the Vichy. Hitler effectively channeled his own beliefs through Petain and Laval, who unconditionally obeyed out of apprehension. Both France and Germany soon entered into a period of collaboration with each other for reasons not directly apparent. At face, the French were frightened by Germany’s military prowess and prudently befriended Germany. Should Germany have won the war, France would have had a cordial relationship with Hitler. It soon became evident that “collaboration” with France euphemized Hitler’s exploitation of France politically, economically, militarily, and even culturally. Ironically, the period of Franco-German collaboration was characterized by acidulous relations between the two nations. 37ibid.
Parikh, 17Bibliographyde Gaulle, Charles. "The flame of French resistance." June 1940. The Guardian News. Accessed October 18, 2011. .Dorleac, Laurence Bernard. "L'Art de la defaite." Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) at Harvard University. Accessed April 5, 2012. Dorleac.htm.Kitson, Simon. "From Enthusiasm to Disenchantment: the French Police and the Vichy Regime, 1940-1944." Contemporary European History11, no. 3 (July 2002): 371 - 390. Accessed April 10, 2012. -Disenchantment-the-French-Police-and-the-Vichy-Regime-1940-1944. Kitson, Simon. The Hunt for Nazi Spies: Fighting Espionage in Vichy France. Translated by Catherine Tihanyi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. Accessed April 8, 2012. . Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale Law School. The Avalon Project. Accessed October 19, 2011. . McNeil, Tony. "State Collaboration ." University of Sunderland. Accessed October 17, 2011. Last modified November 3, 1998. .Osgood, Samuel M. The Fall of France, 1940. Edited by Samuel M. Osgood. Boston: D.C. Health and Company, 1965. Silva, Brett. "Vichy France 1940-1944." SILVAPAGES. Accessed October 19, 2011. . World History: The Modern Era, s.v. "Vichy," accessed October 19, 2011. .World History: The Modern Era, s.v. "Philippe Pétain," accessed October 19, 2011. .World History: The Modern Era, s.v. "French Resistance," accessed October 19, 2011. .