Creative people always score high on intelligence tests FALSE Often they dont

Creative people always score high on intelligence

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¨ Creative people always score high on intelligence tests. ¨ FALSE: Often they don’t! These tests are generally not good at measuring creative ability.
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What is Psychology? ¨ Color blindness is more common in men than women. ¨ TRUE: There are a number of different types of color blindness and men are more likely to suffer from all of them.
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What is Psychology? ¨ Psychologists recommend that infants be taught self-reliance by giving them little coddling and attention during their early months. ¨ FALSE: Exactly the opposite, in fact! Infants that don’t receive close physical contact with others during their early development often develop a range of problems.
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What is Psychology? ¨ In learning, rewards are generally more effective in changing behavior than punishment. ¨ TRUE: Although punishment can be useful in changing behaviors, research has shown that quite often this change is not permanent and that punishment also produces a number of unwanted side effects.
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What is Psychology? ¨ If two events usually occur together, then we can conclude that one causes the other. ¨ FALSE: Just because things occur at around the same time it is very dangerous to draw a cause and effect relationship between them.
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What is Psychology? ¨ Counseling is only for people with severe emotional problems. ¨ FALSE: Counseling services are generally used by people who are dealing with some challenge in their life – study skills, sleep, marriage, etc.
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What is Psychology? ¨ Direct electrical stimulation of the brain can cause a person to “see” visions. ¨ TRUE: Research into brain functions has included individuals having brain surgery while conscious and being able to report visual experiences when certain parts of the brain are stimulated with a mild electrical current.
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What is Psychology? ¨ Dangerous criminals share certain physical characteristics that allow them to be more easily recognized. ¨ FALSE: There appear to be a number of personality characteristics and behaviors that can often be detected in dangerous criminals; however, not their physical ones.
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What is Psychology? ¨ As people age, all of their mental functions decline ¨ FALSE: In normal aging many mental functions hold up or even improve! For example, vocabulary continues to improve across the lifespan.
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1. Introductions & Syllabus 2. What is Psychology? 3. Psychology Then & Now 4. What do Psychologists do? 5. Scientific Methods 6. Conducting Research Psychology Then and Now
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Psychology Then and Now ¤ Throughout history, across the globe people have contemplated human nature ¤ Great writers are widely read because they provide compelling descriptions and make profound observations about the human experience “There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.” William Shakespeare, Hamlet “We are what we repeatedly do; excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.” Aristotle
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Early Greeks ¨ Hippocrates (ca. 460-377 B.C.E.) ¤ Humours (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile) influenced
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