ch05

Psychology in Action

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To improve your tolerance for ambiguity (and learn a little more about your own dreams), begin by briefly jotting down your most recent and vivid dream. This should be a minimum of three or four paragraphs in length. Now analyze your dream using the following perspectives: 1. According to the psychoanalytic view, or wish-fulfillment theory , what might be the forbidden, unconscious drives or desires represented by your dream? Can you identify the manifest content versus the latent content of your dream? 2. How would the biological view, the activation-synthesis hypothesis , explain your dream? Can you identify a specific thought that might have been stimulated and then led to this particular dream? 3. Psychologists from the cognitive perspective believe dream analysis provides important information processing, helps us make needed changes in our life, and even suggests solutions to real-life problems. Do you agree or disagree? Does your dream provide an insight that increases your self- understanding? Now that you have analyzed your dream from each perspective, can you see how difficult it is to find the one right answer? Higher level, critical thinkers recognize that competing theories are akin to the story of the four blind men who are each exploring separate parts of an elephant. By listening to their descriptions of the trunk, tail, leg, and so on, critical thinkers can synthesize the information and develop a greater understanding of the larger picture. Critical Thinking Exercise 5.2 - Recognizing Faulty Reasoning: Fallacies Regarding Drugs The topic of drug use and abuse is of high interest to both students and the general public. It is also a topic which elicits numerous examples of lapses in critical thinking. Introduce this topic with a discussion of 5 common logical fallacies underlying this controversial issue found in Handout 5.2, Common Logical Fallacies . Follow up with Active Learning--Critical Thinking Exercise 5.3, Distinguishing Fact From Opinion , in this manual which present common statements regarding drugs and asks the reader to identify whether the statements were based on "fact" or "opinion." Time: Approximately 30 minutes for both exercises Instructor’s Resource Guide                          Chapter 5                                                 Page  172
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Advance preparation : Make photocopies of Handout 5.2, Common Logical Fallacies . (You may want to photocopy Handout 5.3, Distinguishing Fact From Opinion , ahead of time if you plan on using this exercise together with Exercise 5.2) Instruction: Pass out the photocopies of Handout 5.2 , Common Logical Fallacies . Break the class into small groups and ask each group to examine the statements and briefly discuss the fallacies.
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