DSST Business Ethics Study Guide sm

2 ethics then is not based on consequences as it is

Info icon This preview shows pages 21–23. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2. Ethics, then, is not based on consequences, as it is, for example, in utilitarianism. The consequences of our decisions are beyond our control. 3. Is there a problem with event-description in applying the Categorical Imperative? No two situations in our experience are exactly alike. How much of a difference in initial conditions makes a difference in the application of the Categorical Imperative? Kant's answer: contingent circumstances do not matter. III. Practical Imperative: "Act to treat humanity, whether yourself or another, as an end-in-itself and never as a means." A. Don't use people in order to obtain your goals or seek an edge or unfair advantage. B. People have rights which would supersede, for example, the tyranny of the majority in utilitarianism. C. Some difficulties in interpretation of the Kantian doctrine arise from these further questions: How far should respect for persons proceed? What if you are constantly used by other persons? Does the practical imperative imply that we should have no goals in dealing with other persons and ourselves?
Image of page 21

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration ( OSHA ) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. It was created by Congress of the United States under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, signed by President Richard M Nixon, on December 29, 1970. Its mission is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses, and occupational fatality by issuing and enforcing rules called standards for workplace safety and health. The agency is headed by a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Labor. The OSH Act, which created OSHA also created the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as a research agency focusing on occupational health and safety. NIOSH, however, is not a part of the U.S. Department of Labor. OSHA federal regulations cover most private sector workplaces. The OSH Act permits states to develop approved plans as long as they cover public sector employees and they provide protection equivalent to that provided under Federal OSHA regulations. In return, a portion of the cost of the approved state program is paid by the federal government. Twenty-two states and territories operate plans covering both the public and private sectors and five — Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and the US Virgin Islands — operate public employee only plans. In those five states, private sector employment remains under Federal OSHA jurisdiction. In 2000, the United States Postal Act made the U.S. Postal Service the only quasi-governmental entity to fall under the purview of OSHA jurisdiction. This change permits OSHA to fine the U.S. Postal Service as if it were a regular non-governmental organization. Regulatory impact Here are some of the changes in industrial safety regulation brought about by OSHA: 1.
Image of page 22
Image of page 23
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern