Arm the enemies seeing this all rushed against him

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arm. The enemies seeing this all rushed against him, and one of them with a great sword, like a great scimitar gave him a great blow on the left leg, which brought the captain down on his face, then the Indians threw themselves upon him, and ran him through with lances and scimetars, and all the other arms which they had, so that they deprived of life our mirror, light, comfort, and true guide. Whilst the Indians were thus overpowering him, several times he turned round towards us to see if we were all in safety, as though his obstinate fight had no other object than to give an opportunity for the retreat of his men. We who fought to extremity, and who were covered with wounds, seeing that he was dead, proceeded to the boats which were on the point of going away. This fatal battle was fought on the 27th of April of 1521, on a Saturday; a day which the captain had chosen himself, because he had a special devotion to it. There perished with him eight of our men, and four of the Indians, who had become Christians; we had also many wounded, amongst whom I must reckon myself. The enemy lost only fifteen men. References Torres, J.V. (2018). BATIS: Sources in Philippine History. Quezon City: C & E Publishing, Inc. Activity For Wired students/ For Non-wired students: Make a comic strip about Magellan’s voyage Create a historical timeline/ chart of events about Magellan’s voyage. 32
Readings in Philippine History (RPHS01G) by Unknown Author is licensed under Lesson 4: Customs of the Tagalogs At the end of this lesson, the learners should be able to: 1. Deepen one’s understanding of the real accounts that took place in history by looking into the point of view of the writers who were a witness to the event; 2. Be able to analyze the content, context, and perspective of the documents and explain the importance of every account in the study of Philippine History; 3. Explain the relationship among the members of a barangay; and 4. Discuss the religious and spiritual practices and beliefs of early Filipinos. Lesson Proper: Ang Ugali Ng Mga Tagalog About the Author SI JUAN DE PLASENCIA ay maagang nag- frayle at isa sa mga unang misionario sa Pilipinas nang dumating nuong 1577. Natanyag siya sa masugid na pangaral sa mga katutubo, na tinipon niya sa mga bagong baranggay, tinawag ng mga Espanyol na reducciones, mula sa kalat-kalat nilang mga bahay-bahay sa bukid at bundok. Duon, mistulang bihag at binantayan ng mga sundalong Espanyol, tinuruan silang maging catholico ng mga frayle at inihiwalay sa mga hindi-binyagan sa pali- paligid. Nagtatag ng ilang paaralan si Plasencia para sa mga katutubo, at natanyag ang kanyang kakayahan sa mga wika - isa siya sa mga unang sumulat ng gramatika (balarila, grammar), Arte del idioma Tagalog, nuong 1580 at diksyonaryo (talasalitaan, vocabulary), Diccionario Hispano-Tagalog nuong 1580 din. Sa samang palad, nawala na ang mga ito, pati na ang sinulat niyang Mga Sawikaing Tagalog (Coleccion de frases tagalas). Matama rin niyang inulat ang mga gawi at gawa ng mga katutubo na binuo sa saysaying ito. Namatay siya habang naglilingkod sa Lilio (Liliw ang tawag ngayon), sa lalawigan ng La Laguna nuong 1590.

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