Only the elect can be members of the church gov stands from the church3.Church and state are united in function-they both serve god- but separated in power4.An educated citizenry is necessary5.Puritans in America should create a city upon a hill, model of society Roger Williams (1603-1683)- a puritan, banned from mass. For attacking the idea of royal authority over the colonies 1.Freedom of religion2.Toleration of Diverse communities 3.Church and state should be separate4.Indians matterReligion in the American colonies- variety of religious ideologies1.Quaker: believe in the inner light, a belief that the truth of god was written in each individuals heart2.Roman catholic: embraced religious pluralism 3.Church of England: Anglican church. Virginias established church The great awakening (1730s – 1760s) 1.Eternal damnation from human sinfulness. To avoid one could surrender to god2.Emphasized a hear open to Jesus was more important than a highly developed intellect3.People who were ignored are now part of the church4.An attack on traditional churches that divided those churches between old lights and new lights 5.More churches come out of this3. Colonial resistance to Great Britain and the “old world”
Thomas Paine (1737-1809)- published common sense, similar ideas to john locke 1.Monarchy is dumb 2.A republican form of gov is preferable to a monarchy3.All citizens are equal in their rights4.The people can choose their gov 5.America is an asylum for mankindThe declaration of independence (1776) 1.All men are created equal2.Rights of the people should be protected by a gov established by the governed 3.People can alter or abolish a gov. that does not protect their rights 4. The creation of the United statesGeorge Washington (1732-1799)1.United states must establish a strong and permanent union of the states2.Seperation of powers will help to stop consolidation of power3.Americans should beware of political parties 4.Americans should beware of geographical divisions5.Do not involved in foreign affairs, remain neutral 6.Be a model for generations to comeJames Madison (1751-1836)1.The biggest problem is majorities using their power to eliminate the minority 2.To have a republican form of gov. on a national level will inhibit despotic governments3.Opposed to the idea of the idea of the bill of rights because what if he forgets a right initially. Bill of rights is important
4.Church and state should remain separate5.Welfare of society depends upon the education of the people The constitution (1787)1.republican form of gov2.separation of powers among three branches of gov3.federal system of gov in which power is divided between national and statethe development of American political party idealogy Thomas Jefferson (1743- 1826) 1.Majority rules2.States granted powers to the central gov. allow state to be final judge of federal laws3.Rational people must be free to expose false beliefs4.Periodic rebellion is good Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) 1.Gov. exist for common good2.
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- Fall '19