Time in purgatoryalso believed that the only true

Info icon This preview shows pages 7–9. Sign up to view the full content.

time in Purgatory),also believed that the only true source of religious authority was the Bible → Dawn of Protestantism , one of three major branches of Christianity, translated Bible into German (common people could read and not just priests) Johannes Gutenberg - Invented the printing press Bible translated into vernacular language Protestantism spread in Switzerland, Italy, Spain, and northern Europe Reformation in England but had political resistance; Henry VIII wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon → English Pope excommunicated him→ Anglican Church was formed John Calvin initiated the French reformation; Calvin escaped to Geneva, Switzerland and began to teach there → Started Calvinism Roman Catholic Church fought back with their own reformation, the Council of Trent (church officials discussed doctrines, reform, and established schools and seminars) and the Society of Jesus (Jesuits received high education and were very disciplined; spread Christianity to the outer world), founded by St. Ignatius Loyola Witch-hunts were common in Rhineland (most tension of Protestants and Christians); witches got power from the devil to steal identity (“Witches’ Sabbath”) Witches (often poor, old, single, or widowed women) were hunted and blamed for unfortunate events, secular courts hung them if guilty Other religious wars: King Philip II of Spain forced England to return to Roman Catholic church with Spanish Armada; tried to dethrone Protestant Queen Elizabeth; failed when the winds separated them in the sea Revolt of Dutch provinces → King Philip sent army to suppress Calvinists; northern provinces won independence, formed the United Provinces The Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) : HRE emperor forced Bohemian subjects into RC church; battleground was the emperor’s territory in Germany (many deaths) General Concepts: Ibn Battuta : Medieval Moroccan traveller; published book called “Travels.”; covered Islamic world (N Africa, W Africa, the Middle East, India, C Asia, and SE Asia) History Notes: Manorialism - economic system of the medieval era (people live and work on manors); different from feudalism-
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

feudalism is political/social system Church= political, social, and religious power W Rome collapses → power vacuum→ church becomes great authority Indulgences- buying your way into heaven→ protestant reformation Sinification- spread of Chinese culture to areas such as Japan, Korea, etc. Marco Polo- goes to Yuan China, world traveler Ibn Battuta- travels throughout muslim world, serves as a muslim judge/qadi Machiavelli- wrote the prince, states that it is better to be feared than to be loved as a leader, evil>love as a leader; ENDS JUSTIFY THE MEANS Written about the Medicis → Gets banished from Florence, dies in exile Mongols go on attack- didn't originally plan on creating a large empire Different khanates rules in different ways Yuan Dynasty- ruled like another Dynasty- disliked by Chinese because they disliked foreign
Image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern