Section 31 The Revolutionary Roots of the Constitution Answer the following

Section 31 the revolutionary roots of the

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Section 3.1- The Revolutionary Roots of the Constitution Answer the following questions: Page 6 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution 1. What is social contract theory? People have the power. The people have the right to create and abolish these powers. 2. What connections do you see between social contract theory and the ideas and language of the Declaration of independence, in an excerpt from it below? Right of the people. Consent of the government. The right of the people to alter or abolish their government “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness...To secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed… Whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government...” Section 3.2- From Revolution to Confederation Mentor Note: In Chapter 1, you learned about national sovereignty, which is the ability of nations to govern themselves. In this Chapter, popular sovereignty means that the people should have the power to rule. Answer the following questions: 1. What is a republic? A govt based on majority consent 2. How is this term, republic, related to the idea of popular sovereignty that is reflected in the social contract theory and the Declaration of Independence? Consent of majority/goverened 3. Under a confederation, who has more power- the state or the national governments? The state 4. What powers did the states have under the Articles of Confederation? The states had all the power, pass laws, coin money, raise troops etc.. 5. What were some of the major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Explain how Shays’ Rebellion serves as an example of the weakness of the Articles of Confederation. The couldn’t tax . They couldn’t raise an army. They could coin their own money and have their own trade policy… confusion Each of the chapters in the Learning Resource includes a summary section at the end. Consider using these chapter summaries as “roadmaps” for the chapters (i.e., a way to think about and organize chapter information). You can also use chapter summaries as a way to engage in active review. Here is an example at the end of Chapter 3.2 From Revolution to Confederation: Page 7 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution Alternate description Section 3.3- From Confederation to Constitution. Madison led the change to constitution Answer the following questions: 1. Identify the central ideas associated with the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan. Virginia plan ideas: 3 branches of gov’t. representation in bi cameral (2 chambers) congress based on population. Big states were happy because they would have a bigger say. New Jersey Plan ideas: equal representation of the states in a unicameral congress. Every states would have the same number of representative in congress. Big states did not like this.
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