Was a combined attack of french and british forces

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Was a combined attack of French and British forces with the leadership of Joffre and Haig. - Was meant to divert German resources from Verdun in defense of Somme. - Both the allies and German forces suffered a lot of casualties. - The Germans however later realized the strength of the British forces. New weapons used during the First World War. Methods of fighting - Poison gas. – Air strikes. - Explosive shells. – Sea. - Machine gun. – Use of poison gas. - Rifles. – Trench warfare. - Aero plane. - U-boats/submarine. - Submarine/U-boats.
19 War at Sea and the U-boat German campaign. - In February 1915, Germany had already declared the seas around the British Isles a war zone in which all war vessels would be sunk without warning. - Neutrals would also enter this zone at their own risk. - The German U-boat was used especially in the Atlantic to cut off British-French trade in America. - In May 1915, the Germans sunk a British liner, the Lusitania which resulted in the loss of 128 Americans. - This strained relations between Germany and America. - In August 1915, Germany also sank the British steamer, the Arabic which also resulted in the death of Americans. - In March 1916, German sank the Sussex, which also carried American passengers. - America warned Germany to stop this campaign but Germany refused to take heed. - January 1917, Germany declared unrestricted submarine warfare aimed at attacking combatant and neutral (non-combatant) ships indiscriminately. - This affected American trade which quickly joined war against Germany. - Germany was also persuading Mexico to attack USA in return for seizure of American territory. - In April 1917, German submarines sank 450 tons of British shipping. - Germany wanted to starve British forces before America could compensate for allies’ loss on the eastern front. - America joined war on 6 April 1917. - First American troops landed in France in June 1917. - This influenced the war in favour of the allies. - Russia pulled out of the war in the same year after Bolshevik uprising and victory. QUESTIONS : (a) List any 5 battles fought during the First World War. (5) (b) Describe Germany’s U-boat campaign on the western front.(12) (c) Describe the war at Sea. (12) (d) Describe the American entrance in the war in 1917? (15) (e) How far did the war at sea contribute to the defeat of Germany and her allies?
20 The defeat of the central powers. - After defeating the Russians, the Germans turned their attention to the west. - German and Austrian troops defeated the Italians at Caporretto but were stopped from overrunning the whole of Italy by allied troops. - The Germans and Austrians, exhausted by their Russian campaigns launched an offensive in France in which they put every resource. - American troops were coming in increasing numbers and it became clear that the Germans were fighting a losing battle. -

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