10. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: A.declared that the right to vote could not be denied on account of race.B.officially ended slavery.C.granted "citizenship" to the freedmen.D.provided that states could only count three-fifths (60%) of their black population when determining how many members they would be given in the U.S. House of Representatives.E.opened up the West to homesteading by African Americans. 11. Republicans were afraid that the quick return of the southern states to Congress would lead to more Democratic votes, thereby increasing the likelihood that Congress would establish protective tariffs and subsidize railroads. 12. President Johnson vetoed both the Freedmen's Bureau and the Civil Rights Act of 1866. 13. Radical Republicans favored a reconstruction process that would readmit the former Confederate states to the Union quickly. 14. Without the support of black voters in 1868, Ulysses S. Grant would have had only a minority of the popular vote. A.TrueB.False 15. "Scalawags" were southerners who moved north after the Civil War.
16. The most numerous Republicans in the South were ________. 17. After the Civil War, most black agricultural workers toiled as ________. 18. A number of paramilitary organizations broke up Republican meetings, terrorized white and black Republicans, assassinated Republican leaders, and prevented black citizens from voting. The most notorious of these organizations was the ________. 19. President Johnson's home state of ________, in which he had served as senator and thenruled as military governor, ratified the Fourteenth Amendment against his wishes, and was thus readmitted in 1866, before the Reconstruction Acts were passed. 20. State laws designed to restore slavery in all but name in the post-Civil War South were called________. 21. The Fourteenth Amendment offered the first national definition of ________. 22. Sensitive to status, ________ pushed for prohibition of social discrimination, but white Republicans refused to adopt such a radical policy. 23. An end to Reconstruction was achieved by the ________ of 1877. 24. The last federal troops were withdrawn from the South by President ________. 25. ________ finally won the 1876 election after an electoral commission awarded him all of the disputed electoral votes from three southern states. 26. The agency established by the federal government to protect freed people's economic rights was commonly known as the ________. 27. Ultimately, according to the authors of your text, wartime ideals and the goals of a real Reconstruction were scuttled by a deep-seated ________ in America.
28. The economic system whereby a farmer rents the land by paying not with cash but with a fraction (often half) of the harvest is known as ________. 29. The Tenure of Office Act was designed to protect the job of Secretary of War ________. 30. During Grant's second term, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1875, the last major piece of ________ legislation. 31. Lincoln wanted ex-Confederate states admitted to the Union when ________ percent of a state's white voters took a loyalty oath.TenChapter Test1. The Tenure of Office Act and the Command of the Army Act were passed by Congress to prevent southern states from sending former Confederates to Congress or from having them control the state militia companies.
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