5 there are different types of songs traditional

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5. There are different types of songs Traditional songs 1. Game songs which include ritual songs, action songs, sound-effect songs and dance songs. 6. When selecting songs teachers needs to keep in mind: 1. Songs must be short for very young children 2. Melody must be simple 3. Repetition of words and phrases makes it easier for learners to learn the song 4. They enjoy repetition. 5. Words must deal with matters that the learners know and understand 6. The teachers must know and enjoy the song. Discuss in details the aims of teaching a second language. Use subheadings to organise your discussion. (15) May 2012 Pg 7& 8 Listening 1. Listening is children’s first contact with language 2. Listening provides the basis for other language forms 3. Listening is the most used of the language forms Speaking 1. Speaking is used more frequently than writing by both children and adults. 2. Children learn to speak before reading and writing. 3. Talking is the communication mode that all people around the world develop. 4. The 3p instructional cycle for teaching a second language is still being used. 5. But be careful not to overuse it. 6. It consists of the 3ps in the form of presentation practice and production. Reading
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15 Reading allows learners to experience and appreciate literature. Reading involves: 1. Reading aloud 2. Shared reading 3. Independent reading 4. Guided reading 5. Language opportunities to respond critically and thoughtfully Writing 1. Young learners should learn how to write in a second language in order to communicate with people in the world around them. 2. Writing should be functional. 3. The writing task should serve the purpose that it's in line with learner’s levels of development. Explain the nature of the grammar approach to second language teaching and elaborate on the merits and demerits of the approach. May 2012 (10) Pg 12 This approach was mainly used to teach classical languages like Greek or Latin. Later it was transferred to the teaching of a second language. Characteristics 1. Instruction is given in the students home language 2. The classical language is not used 3. The focus is on the form of words 4. There is no application of the material for communication Arguments against this approach 1. This approach does not take natural language development into consideration 2. Many educators felt that this was an impractical approach 3. The children may not be able to speak the language or use it for communication Refer to five basic skills that learners acquire when singing (5) Jan2011 Pg 67 1. To develop rhythmic ability 2. To use their imagination both physically and orally 3. To make decision to change a word or action 4. Teach learners to listen 5. Language structures in a relaxed way Discuss multicultural education in detail (10) Jan2011 Pg 1 & 2 1. -IN A MULTILINGUAL COUNTRY LIKE S.A IT IS IMPORTANT THAT LEARNERS REACH HIGH LEVELS OF PROFICIENCY IN AT LEAST TWO LANGUAGES, SO THAT THEY ARE ABLE TO COMMUNICATE IN OTHER LANGUAGES.
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