There are six core critical thinking skills involved

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There are six core critical thinking skills involved in critical thinking processes according toFacione (1998). “The skills are interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation,and self-regulation”.(Ibid. p. 73)..1.Interpretation. “Interpretation includes the sub-skills of categorization, decoding significance,and clarifying meaning. An example of interpretation is recognizing a problem anddescribing it without bias.”2.Analysis. “:It includes examining ideas, detecting arguments, and analyzing arguments assub-skills of analysis. An example of analysis is identifying the similarities and differencesbetween two approaches to the solution of a given problem.”3.Evaluation.It is to evaluate the credibility of claims etc and to assess their logical strengthsand weaknesses. (Ibid., p. 74).
4.Inference. It identifies elements needed to draw reasonable conclusions, to form conjecturesor hypotheses, to consider relevant information, and then to deduce the consequences fromthe selected relevant information, data or facts.5.Explanation. It states the results of the reasoning and to justify it in terms of the evidential,conceptual, methodological, and contextual considerations or bases upon which the resultsare based. “The sub-skills under explanation are stating results, justifying procedures, andpresenting arguments.”6.Self-regulation. It means self-consciousness to minitor cognitive or thinking activities, theelements used and the results deduced. “The two sub-skilss under self-regulation are self-examination and self-correction.”(Ibid., p. 75).Facione thinks that good critical thinkers are able to interpret, analyze, evaluate, infer andexplain what they think and how they come out with their judgments.(ibid.)Missimer (1990) holds that the basic and most important element of critical thinking is the abilityto evaluate an argument. In order to evaluate arguments, critical thinkers must be able tounderstand and apply 12 basic concepts in critical thinking.They are “definition and distinction,issue, conclusion, reason, alternative argument, evidence, truth, consistency, warranted inference,assumption, implication, and prescription.”(Ibid.,p. 76)For Sternberg (1980), three kinds of thought or thinking include in critical thinking. They areMeta-components, performance components and knowledge-acquisition components. The meta-components include recognizing an existing problem or a problem exists, defining the problem,deciding on steps for solving the problem, ordering the steps coherently and strategically,deciding upon a mental representation form for information, allocating times and resources insolving the problem, monitoring the solution to the problem, and utilizing feedback regarding thesolution to the problem.

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