Territory returned for peace agreements but with

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Territory returned for peace agreements; but with regards to west bank there was a strong section even in labor party that land should be opened for Jewish settlements-There were areas occupied prior to war of 1948 that were overrun by Arabs; children of these communities pressured the government to return back after 67-waroReligious Zionists believed the land of Israel was redeemed by the army and Jewish settlement in the biblical heartlands was a religious requirement-Despite internal debate and fight in Israel over the issue of settlements, in the 10 years from 67 to Likud government, only 20 settlements had been establishedin Golan heights,west bank, and Gaza strip – not many people in these settlements-Begin government takes a different stance on west bank; Gaza and Golan were not biblical Israel, but west bank WAS part of biblical Israel oActively encouraged settlements in west bank-In 1974there was a concession in which settlements were made in densely populated Arab regions – elenmorah-This all changes in 1977in which more settlements are made in Arab regions-All of the attention today focuses on the west bank – today 132 official settlements, ~400,00 people(exclude new Jewish neighborhoods in Jerusalem)-197 illegal outpoststhat are not officially recognized but do get some governmental services-West bank divided into A, B, C: oA dense Arabs, under Arab municipal controloB joint Palestinian/Israeli (security) controloC are controlled exclusively by Israel-Jewish settlers represent 12% of population, the land under their jurisdiction is 40%-In 1980s, settlers would illegally expand the settlements, government does not recognizethe outposts and have tried to stop the settlers but were violently opposed Separation Barrier:-During the second intifada the number of terrorist attacks in Israel included significant suicide bombings; had a serious impact on society-In 2002 Israel said would separate the West bank from Israel proper; Aaron Sharon – initially did everything he could to blur the old international border before 67-war-Wall built around some settlements to include into Israeli territory
-Since Oslo Israel was considering building a barrier because there is no natural border and the idea that Palestine would have autonomy/independence-Also, in the center of the country, Israeli farmers were losing tractors and other equipment by the Palestinians; farmers say they cannot farm like this – solution was to construct a barrier-Since 1967 there was no physical barrier between west bank and Israel proper; Palestinians were allowed to move around Israel until 1stintifada with some restrictions but was still easy-After the 1stIntifada there was a migration shift into Israel by the Palestinians; to preventmore demographic drift/unregulated immigration the wall was built-Neighboring communities developed local relations, the wall obstructed this; another issue was the geography which made some crazy patterns-Wall today includes 8.5% of west bank territory; some settlers were also cut off from the

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