name given to anti immigrant party formed from wreckage of Whig Party

Name given to anti immigrant party formed from

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name given to anti immigrant party formed from wreckage of Whig Party & disaffected Northern Democrats, victories in northern states elections 1854 a) Republican Party- party that emerged 1850s in aftermath of bitter contro- versy over Kansas-Nebraska Act consist of former Whigs, northern Democrats, & Know Nothings D. The Republican Party and the Election of 1856: 1. Democrats: “Slavery, rum, & Romanism”supporters southern slave & northern immigrants a) Republicans: “Freedom, Temperance, & Protestantism” northern Whigs & free soil 9
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b) Whigs: merchants/industrialists-strong government promote economic growth, support protective tariffs, transportation, cheap land western farm- ers c) Democrat-Stephan Douglass & President Pierce-->election 1856- Buchanan , John C. Fremont, and Fillmore IV. The Differences Deepen: 1856 people of US heard about looting/burning of Lawrence Kansas & John Brown’s retaliatory massacre at Pottawatomie & about unprecedented violence on the Senate floor- Senator Charles Sumner of MA suffered permanent injury in attack by Congressman Preston Brooks of SC because of an insulting antislavery speech Sumner gave; N&S behavioral codes diverged each man found own action justi- fiable & other’s outrageous A. The Dred Scott Decision: 1. Buchanan-indebted to strong southern wing Democratic Party-->can’t take right actions to help Bleeding Kansas -violence between pro & anti-slavery forces in Kansas Territory after passage of KN-NB Act 1854 a) Supported proslavery decision: Dred Scott vs Sandford , between slave- Dred Scott & master- John Emerson; 10
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b) Chief Justice Roger B. Taney-made pro-slavery decision, called Missouri Compromise unconstitutional-->fed government no right interefere w/ free movement of property throughout territories, said slave or free blacks not citizens-couldn’t bring suits before fed courts intend settle slavery ex- pansion issue once & for all c) Southern justices agreed, one northern did: Robert C. Grier-all others op- posed d) Northerns angered-question power of Supreme Court-->NY pass legisla- tion saying Supreme Court lost respect/confidence of people 2. Dred Scott decision -Supreme court ruling in law suit brought by Dred Scott, a slave demanding his freedom based on his residence in a free state, that slaves could not be U.S citizens and that Congress had no jurisdiction over slavery in those territories. a) NY Republicans propose equal suffrage for African Americans-->too lib- eral, didn’t pass; racist attitude disheartening free African Americans b) Republican Party response: Lincoln & Seward think Buchanan conspire w/ southern justices to withhold decision till after election think Buchanan next could legalize slavery in all states; Buchanan’s response to Kansas- draft of proslavery constitution B. The Lecomption Constitution: 1. Two territory legislatures: Lecompton-pro slavery; Topeka-Free-soil a) Free-soilers boycott June 1857 election of reps to convention to write con- stitution-->pro-slavery majority--> Lecompton constitution -proslavery draft written 1857 by Kansas territorial delegates elected under question-
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