View that there is no difference between right and

Info iconThis preview shows pages 3–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
View that there is no difference between right and wrong Assumption that premise 3 is correct is shared by many religious traditions Reject premise 1 by interpreting the existence of evil as showing merely that if there is a God, then God isn’t all-PKG Theodicy – try to explain why all-PKG God would allow evil to exist Contemporary philosophers of religion use the term “defense” to describe second type of reply to Argument from Evil Premise 2 makes an extreme claim Traditional theodicy has claimed that some evils have the property of being “soul-building” Soul-building evils are ones that makes us better people Sometimes it is suggested that when people are destroyed by the sufferings they endure, the souls of other people are strengthened by watching this happen No credit if God simply just gave us strong souls Conclusion: The deeper problem is to explain why there is so much evil, rather than one ounce less. What is the second version of the argument?
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
(1) If God were to exist, then that being would be all-PKG. (4) If an all-PKG being existed, then the amount of evil would not exceed a soul-building minimum. (5) The amount of evil does exceed a soul-building minimum. ------------------------------ Hence, there is no God. Project of theodicy is to show that premise (4) is mistaken Conclusion: Shows that being free and always doing what’s right are not incompatible. What is the third version of the argument? (1) If God were to exist, then that being would be all-PKG. (6) If an all-PKG being existed, then there would be no more evil than the minimum required for a soul-building and as a consequence of human freedom. (7) The quantity of evil found in human history exceeds the minimum required for soul-building and as a consequence of human freedom. ------------------------------- Hence, there is no God. What is a criticism of the argument? If God exists, he is vastly more intelligent then we are. Conclusion: It therefore is entirely possible that his plan for the world contains elements that we cannot understand or even imagine. (Don’t know if premise 6 is true.) What is another kind of argument---the evidential argument from evil? If an all-PKG God exists, then evils of kind X will not exist. Evils of kind X do exist. ----------------------------- No all-PKG God exists. Hard to show premise 1 is true Conclusion: Surprise Principle describes what “strong” evidence means.
Background image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page3 / 4

View that there is no difference between right and wrong...

This preview shows document pages 3 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online