“Spouses” are, first of all, associates, like-minded people. Spouses must develop together, and it is equally important to invest in development, education, and the future of the child. Now our society places the main responsibility for raising children on the mother. But fathers also should and can actively participate in this process from the first days of the baby.39.Why the large-scale migration from rural to urban areas when men go to work in towns and cities, leaving familymembers in the home village, influences widespread changes in traditional family systems? Alternatively, a nuclear family group will move as a unit to the city.In both cases, traditional family forms and kinship systems may become weakened. Finally, and perhaps most important, employment opportunities away from theland and in such organizations as government bureaucracies, mines, plantations and- where they exist - industrial firms tend to have disruptive consequences for family systems previously centred on landed production in the local community. In general, these changes can be seen as creating a worldwide movement towards the breaking down of extended family systems and household kinship groups, though relations between kins peoplecontinue to be important sources of social bonds.40.Examine the fact that G. Therborn sees possibly the major change of the last century to be a falling global fertility rate, with the exception of sub-Saharan Africa, as the product of more effective birth control methods, risingeconomic prosperity, etc. Tbe first was after the First World War, when women were needed to work for the war effort, and the Russian Revolution, which challenged the patriarchal ideology of women's 'natural' domestic role in favor of egalitarian ideals. The second was between the sexual revolution of the late 1960s and the 1975 'International Women's Year', when second-wave feminism reinforced the shifting position of women in society, gaining legislative measures to enable women formally to participate in public life outside of their domestic role. The second period of change, argues Therborn, was more noticeable in Europe and America, with less pronounced changes in tbe family situations of South Asia, West Asia and North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. In more recent years, he sees evidence that the economic power of women has been growing in the textile and electronics industries in the developing world, which could reshape patriarchal family relations there too.41.What do you think personally about a general trend towards the extension of children’s rights? I take a positive view of this, if the expansion of rights goes against physical or mental violence, cruel treatment, humiliation, etc. Children clearly represent the world in which they want to live. In all regions, one of the absolute prioritiesinvariably remains to ensure a life in security and freedom from violence. “Violence is a serious obstacle to the development of children, and it must urgently put an end to it!” This is a very sensitive subject, the rights of the child, since parents must be responsible for the child. There have been many times when children sued their parents for bringing them
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