Could replace reference to what god does and does not

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could replace reference to what God does and does not command with reference to what God does and does not approve of. (God may approve of all sorts of things that simply do not relate to human existence.) Since it is the divine command theory, I have chosen to express both the principles of right conduct
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and the principles of value in terms of God’s commands. So we are to understand the principles of intrinsic value as restricted in the manner just explained. 4. 4. Throughout, and merely for convenience, I use the masculine pronoun to refer to God. 4. 5. This does not mean that all possible versions of the linguistic argument are as easily refuted. Sophisticated linguistic arguments that cannot be considered here are to be found in, e.g., Adams, 1973, 1979. 4. 6. We study moral relativism and its problems in the next chapter. 4. 7. All references to Plato’s Euthyphro are from Plato, 1976 (translated version). 4. 8. See for example Zangwill, 2011b. 4. 9. For an elaboration and defense of the sort of view in question, see Adams, 1999. 4. 10. Notice that the concept of goodness does not appear to be a social concept in the way obligation appears to be. This difference is supposed to help explain why the good and the right can be treated differently by divine command theorists. For a discussion of this point, see Adams, 1999, 233. 11. Of course, the arbitrariness problem will arise all over again unless God has some reason why he commands that we perform certain actions from among the ones that are good.
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