This restrained urban design solidified a sense of public decorum at the moment

This restrained urban design solidified a sense of

This preview shows page 186 - 191 out of 280 pages.

which individual monuments defer to a solid collective urbanity.This restrained urban design solidified a sense of public decorum at the moment of Turin’s transition from regional to national capital. The emphatic role the train station played in Promis’s plan, placed as it was on the central Via Nuova axis, encouraged the reconception of the structure in 1861.The engineer Alessandro 186 the architecture of modern italy
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the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 4.2 Carlo Promis,Turin city plan, 1869
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the architecture of modern italy 4.3 Carlo Promis, Piazza Carlo Felice,Turin, 1848 4.4 Carlo Ceppi and Alessandro Mazzucchetti, Stazione Porta Nuova,Turin, 1861
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Mazzucchetti, who designed all the stations along the Turin-Genoa line, collaborated with the architect Carlo Ceppi, who earned his degree under Promis.The new Stazione Porta Nuova terminus consists of two longitudinal buildings differentiated east and west by their complementary functions: ticketing and departure opposite arrival and baggage retrieval, with an impressive vaulted iron train shed between.The architects chose an eclectic combination of styles to, in Ceppi’s words,“offer the greatest latitude for combinations and variations.” Gothic design for the iron window tracery mingles among the classical stone arcades.The iron construction of the train shed, produced by an English manufacturing firm in Genoa, is expressed through to a transparent facade on the piazza “so that,” Ceppi wrote,“the structure and internal distribution might be manifest to the eye of the observer of the external forms.”As the new monumental entrance to Turin, the station and piazza are symbols of the capital’s industrial and social progress. Turin’s status as the national capital was, however, short-lived. It was challenged in parliamentary debates by the idea of designating a more centrally located capital, one more historically resonant for the entire nation. French interests in maintaining the balance of European powers forced Vittorio Emanuele II into an international agreement not to threaten the pope’s lands, so Rome was not an option. Milan was not central, Naples too vulnerable by sea,Venice not yet liberated. The onus fell to Florence, closer to the geographical center of the peninsula, prestigious in its cultural heritage, and sufficiently modernized under Lorraine rule to serve as an interim capital.At the news of Turin’s demotion, rioting erupted among the city’s real estate investors until the departing parliament promised to recompense the city’s economy with government munitions contracts. 189 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
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florence, the interim capital No one believed Florence would long be needed as the national capital before Rome was taken. But nonetheless, Florence profited by upgrading its infrastructure. Florence was small but well run under Lorraine rule and Napoleon left no marks upon the city’s fabric. During the Romantic era, however, in the spirit of redefining the rapport between present and past through building, a single significant project of urban reconfiguration had been undertaken, a project that exemplifies nineteenth-century Florentine urbanism.This
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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