Additional income also meant more people were able to

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Additional income also meant more people were able to attend institution of higher education which, as the graph also shows, correlates to more healthcare professionals available per person. The increase in healthcare professionals, and thus a contributing factor to the increase in life expectancy was a direct result of Government health policies throughout the 70s and 80s. As part of the policy, the Taiwanese government opened additional medical schools to increase the number of medical student enrollments. This was just the beginning of widespread access to education that had roots in the Japanese colonization period. During the Japanese occupation, mandatory school was the policy for both girls and boys. Going against traditional believes regarding the education of women, everyone was expected to attend some primary. This policy qualified women for certain employment positions, which could then be leveraged to gain jobs skills making them more “useful” as time went on. By virtue of their income contributions to their family, women were no longer looked upon as totally invaluable. They were able to work and provide additional income so that their brothers could attend school. As industry expanded in Taiwan during 1970s, so did the increase in education, thus decreasing the illiteracy rate in Taiwan (see Graph 2). Rapid industrialization more people to seek higher education to learn specialized skills necessary to remain relevant in the changing economy. Both for upward mobility, as also as a status symbol itself, young men frequently attended secondary school and university to gain technical skills or education to obtain white collar jobs as administrators in large factories, government officials, or higher paid managerial positions in the ceramics industry. The need for education was thus a response of the changing economic situation which was brought about by the government reforms of the 60s. Widespread education for women didn’t really start to take place until the New Feminist Movement in Taiwan during the 70s and 80s. As you can see in the graph, this correlates with a significate jump in the decrease of illiteracy. When discussing economic development in Taiwan, it is impossible to separate that 2 | P a g e
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process from the economic growth phenomenon that took place during the period known as “The Taiwan Miracle”. As already stated, this period of economic growth substantially increased the gross national income per capita (See graph 3). We also know that per capita GDP increased substantially as well. In 1952 the per capita GDP was at $213 US increasing to $2,385 US in 1980. However, during that time the income distribution actually improved. By comparing the income of the top 20% to the income of the lowest 20% you get the income distribution ratio. Despite the U.S. discontinuing aid in 1965 (which would inflate GNI), the ratio decreased from 5.33 in 1964 to 4.17 in 1980. The decrease of the income distribution gap and the increase in GDP cannot be wholly contributed to one thing. It is a combination of land reform, compulsory education, tax reform and other policies implemented by the government.
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  • Winter '18
  • OLDS
  • Economics, gross domestic product, Life expectancy

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