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There was darkness at first, then gods create light oThere were 2 super gods: heart of sky & heart of earth They created the things on the earth by thinking and speaking oThey created human beings out of the earth and mud But they weren’t stable and couldn’t reproduceoThey killed the mud people and made the next human race from wood But they had no hearts or minds so they didn’t respect/abused things oThey killed the wood people with a flood but some of the stick people survived as monkeys oThen created current humans out of wood and earth Humans could get sick because of the evil gods from the underworld (Xibalba) known as puss-maker, bile-maker, etc. oThe hero twins had parents who were sorcerers and played the sacred Mayan ball game that made lots of noise in the underworld The Lords of Xibalba brought the sorcerers down to the underworld because they were tired of the noise and killed them (hero twins were made from their blood) Hero twins also grew up to play the ball game and were also invited to the underworld but they outsmarted the Lords of Xibalba and didn’t dieThey survived many trials there and their story tells what to do to have a happy afterlife Mythology: study of myth with a focus on a general type or that which is particular to a certain group/culture oUpper mythology: deals with upper realms like heaven (usually positive stories) Norse Freya goddess of fertility Valhalla: place reached by Bifrost bridge (and now people say then when a pet dies it goes to the rainbow bridge)
oLower mythology: deals with underworld, demons, ancestors, etc. Demonology: subset of lower mythology, the study of demons as myth Baal: 7thprince of hell (death/satan) Alastor: demon of vengeance/possession Asmodeus: demon of lust/twisted sex 4 Parts of Myth 1.Form a.Usually narrative 2.Content a.Beginnings of world/environment 3.Function a.Examples & models for proper living 4.Context a.Rituals 4 Categories of Myth 1.Historical a.Natural environment or event 2.Psychological a.Use of emotions 3.Sociological a.Explains society 4.Structural a.Organization of world & culture 12 Approaches to Myth 1.Explains enigmatic phenomena a.Explains natural mystery 2.Symbolic structuring of the world a.Restless dead can control illness/weather 3.Projection of collective subconscious a.Fear of death 4.Man’s adaptation to life a.How man deals with problems in nature such as purification with water 5.Charter of behavior a.Rules for correct living 6.Legitimizes social institutions a.The Moche were obsessed with human sacrifice and fluids such as water, flood, sexual fluids b.They had proper ways to sacrifice 7.Marker of social relevance a.Myth has practical application like food rules 8.Mirror of social structure a.Myth mirrors society –vampire was always males because males are more violent and men who were criminals or died in a bad way (suicide) became vampires –people who were undesirable in life 9.Result of historical situation a.