These anthropologists are often administrators

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These anthropologists are often administrators, program directors, and even business owners. They craft and manage solutions.
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ANTHROPOLOGY AND OTHER ACADEMIC FIELDS Anthropology is a science : field of study that seeks reliable explanations, with reference to the material and physical world Anthropology can be considered a humanistic science devoted to discovering, describing, understanding, appreciating humans and our ancestors Unique blend of biological, social, cultural, linguistic, historical, and contemporary perspectives Also strongly linked to humanities in studying languages, texts, philosophies, and forms of creative expression
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CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY Cultural anthropology and sociology share an interest in social relations, organization, and behavior Initially, sociologists focused on industrial West, and anthropologists on nonindustrial societies Different methods of data collection and analysis emerged In many areas and on many topics, anthropology and sociology are converging
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ANTHROPOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY Psychological anthropology studies cross-cultural variations in psychological traits Applied in the study of culturally specific syndromes , patterns of unusual, aberrant, or abnormal behavior confined to a single culture or group of related cultures
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THEORIES, ASSOCIATIONS, AND EXPLANATIONS In social science, “laws” tend to be imperfect generalizations; explanations tend to be probable rather than certain Variables of interest only tend to be associated in a predictable way There are always exceptions
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Theories and Associations Term Definition ASSOCIATION A systematic relationship between variables, so that when one variable changes (varies), the other does, too (covaries). HYPOTHESIS A proposed explanation for an association; must be tested—may be confirmed or not. EXPLANATION Reasons how and why a particular association exists. THEORY Explanatory framework of logically interconnected ideas used to explain multiple phenomena. GENERALIZATION A statement that change in one variable tends to follow or be associated with change in another variable. LAW Generalization that is universally valid.
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THE VALUE, AND LIMITATIONS, OF SCIENCE Science is an excellent way, but not the only way, of understanding the world Approaches to anthropology include those that are quantitative and scientific, but also interpretive, qualitative, and humanistic
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