Coleridge is free to follow his rambling thoughts

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Coleridge is free to follow his rambling thoughts, without adapting them to any fixed scheme.-Frost at Midnight –written during the 1styear of his friendship with W. The scene is even more intimate, the emotion is much deeper, the wild scenery of W.’s lakes is present. Gradually Coleridge has learned to observe the details of the natural scene.In many respects, a part of Coleridge’s poetry coincides in its themes, ideas and aims with that of W. The difference is in the music of the verse ease and harmony – Coleridge is one of the finest musicians of English poetry. He creates not monotonous but extraordinary varied verse.Another difference with W. is that Coleridge gives his pictures with greater immediacy, as though writing at the very moment of experience, while W.’s poetry is “emotion recollected in tranquility”.The body of Coleridge’s work – intensely personal and intimate, yet, his 3 great poems are in their subjects entirely impersonal and unrelated to any direct experience: tales of wonder and figments of pure imagination. “The incidents and agents were to be, in part at least, supernatural; and the excellence aimed at supposing them real.” The outcome of this program is The Rime of the Ancient Mariner:-form: close to a medieval ballad ballad style;-the allegorical and symbolic power of the poem: lack of water = dryness of spirit, the becalmed ship = the aimless soul of a man who has sinned;-movement from innocence to experience – central to a great deal of Romantic writing;-the pantheistic idea of Nature exacting punishment for the infringement of her law of love and forcing the sinner to realize what he has done;-the point in which the poem was in advance of its day: the use of wonder and the supernatural. The stress on the effect of the horrors on the mariner’s mind (psychological aspect) exists but is not central – serves only to enhance the sense of the marvelous and make it more vivid.NB: The use of wonder marks a very important step in the progress of romanticism – the break through of the purely imaginative in the highest spheres of literature. Actually, it is not the marvels themselves that are 8
so characteristics but the widening of the mental horizon to include the whole world of what are now known as para-psychological phenomena.-poetical value of the poem: the vividness and clarity of the pictures it brings. The intense use of colour – the ice is given as emerald, the bloody sun is in a copper sky etc. The continual use of contrast, e.g. the freshness amid the tropical heat some of these contrasts have a suggestive force that makes them powerful symbols. How these pictures are all caught up into the rapid rash of the story forming an inevitable part of the action, in fact those pictures are the action should be clear and vivid.

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