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In hines v davidowitz 312 us 52 1941 the court found

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registration document on his person. In Hines v. Davidowitz , 312 U.S. 52 (1941), the Court found that Congress intended to completely occupy the immigration field with one all-embracing system. There, the Court held that the States lacked the authority to complement or to enforce additional regulations related to alien registration. Field preemption reflects a congressional decision to foreclose any state regulation in the area, even if it is parallel to federal standards. Thus, Section 3’s requirement that an individual possess an alien registration document is preempted by federal law. Section 5(C) of the statute makes it a state misdemeanor for an unauthorized alien to knowingly apply for or solicit work in a public place. The federal government argues that § 5 upsets the balance struck by Congress’ passage of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) and therefore must also be preempted. Congress enacted the IRCA as a measure to combat the employment of illegal aliens. Although the federal law does not impose criminal penalties, some civil fines may be assessed. It is well settled that state law will be preempted if it stands as an obstacle to the objectives of Congress. Here, § 5 clearly conflicts with the objectives of the IRCA and is therefore preempted. Section 6 provides that a state police officer may arrest a person without a warrant if he has probable cause to
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