Duty of landowners keep business invitees tenants

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Duty of Landowners: keep business invitees & tenants safe in common areas Duty of Professionals to clients Injury Requirement and Damages
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Plaintiff must suffer a legally recognizable injury Not all injuries can be compensated Causation Relationship b/w conduct & result Defenses to Negligence Assumption of the Risk:  defendant  can demonstrate that the plaintiff voluntarily and  knowingly assumed the risks at issue inherent to the dangerous activity in which he was  participating at the time of his injury Superseding Clause: event must be unforeseeable  Contributory Negligence: Plaintiff recovers nothing if he is at fault  if he contributed to  the negligence Comparative Negligence: As long as Plaintiff is less than 50% at fault, he can recover a  pro-rata share of the verdict Special Types Res Ipsa Loquitor: a doctrine of law that one is presumed to be negligent if he/she/it had  exclusive control of whatever caused the injury even though there is no specific  evidence of an act of negligence Negligence Per se: negligence due to the violation of a public duty, such as high speed  driving. Danger Invites Rescue doctrine: if a  tortfeasor  creates a circumstance that places the  tort victim in danger, the tortfeasor is liable not only for the harm caused to the victim,  but also the harm caused to any person injured in an effort to rescue that victim Dram Shop Acts: the liability of establishments arising out of the sale of alcohol to visibly  intoxicated persons or minors who subsequently cause death or injury to third-parties Compensation Compensatory damages: usually money given to plaintiff Punitive damages: to punish the defendant for outrageous misconduct and to deter the  defendant and others from similar misbehavior in the future Reasonable Person Standard involve the application of an objective test in which the conduct of the accused is  compared to that of a reasonable person under similar circumstances
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Crimes Civil Law Party who brings suit: the person who suffered harm Wrongful act: causing harm to a person or to a person’s property Burden of Proof: Preponderance of the evidence Verdict:  ¾ ’s majority Remedy: damages to compensate for the harm or a decree to achieve an equitable  result Criminal Law Party who brings suit: The state Wrongful act: Violating a statue that prohibits some type of activity Burden of Proof: Beyond a reasonable doubt Verdict: Unanimous Remedy: Punishment (fine, imprisonment, death) Types of Crimes Violent Crime Murder, sexual assault, rape, robbery Property Crime
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