DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 16 of 28 shamanistic traditions often

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Question 16 of 28 Shamanistic traditions often include induction of trance through drugs (often neurotoxins known to be hallucinogens), chanting, fasting, dancing and music. Your Answer: Explanation The drum (tungur in Altaic) is an important instrument in shamanistic ceremonies, which may be used to induce autohypnotic phenomena. Researchers also suspect that in some cultures schizophrenia or similar conditions may predispose an individual to the role of shaman. Question 17 of 28 A ritual can comprise a prescribed form of performing worship in a particular religion or religious denomination. Your Answer: Explanation Rituals can express a part of a larger social doctrine, or of a personal one. Ritual is often closely connected to reverence, thus a ritual is in many cases an act of expressing reverence of a deity. The earliest known evidence of burial rituals dates from around 20,000 years ago. Question 18 of 28 Most rituals mark off a particular time of the day, month, year, stage in life, or commencement of a new event or vocation. This temporal characteristic of ritual is often called "Sacred Time." Your Answer: Explanation What must not be forgotten in the study of ritual is a special aspect of ritual that is often described as "sacred space." Time and place are essential features of ritual action, and both mark a specific orientation or setting for ritual. Question 19 of 28
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In religion one prays for help, while in magic he tries to force supernatural powers to help him. Your Answer: Explanation A magical act is a rite carried out to twist nature in a specific way to satisfy human desire. Question 20 of 28 Symbols have much importance in both individual and social life. For example, the flag is believed to be the symbol of the country and held in great respect. Your Answer: Explanation Symbols may be referential or condensed. Question 21 of 28 Referential symbols serve to provide information concerning some person or object. Your Answer: Explanation For example, the red light is a symbol of danger. Question 22 of 28 Condensed symbols are used to express in compressed form something that is too detailed for economic expression. Your Answer: Explanation An example of this is shorthand or Morse Code. Question 23 of 28 A rite of passage is a ritual that marks a change in a person's social or sexual status . Your Answer: Explanation Rites of passage include: the attendant rituals surrounding birth, circumcision, coming of age, etc. Question 24 of 28 The first phase, separation, entails symbolic behavior that severs the individual from a previously fixed point in the social structure. Your Answer:
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Explanation The old status is erased in preparation for a new one. Question 25 of 28 During the middle phase, the ritual subject, or "passenger," stripped of all manifestations of rank or role, enters into a suspended, or liminal, state between past and future identities eluding the usual cultural categories of classification.
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