However most psychologists regard stress as a process involving a persons

However most psychologists regard stress as a process

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tension—as well as emotional and behavioral changes. However, most psychologists regard stress as a process involving a person's interpretation and response to a threatening event (Microsoft Corporation 2000). Mills (1982) defined stress as our inner reaction to things that happen to us and demands that are placed on us. We all experience stress when we are anxious, worried, shamed, or angry, whether the source of our feeling is ourselves, some other person, or something that happens to us. We can deal with stress adequately only when we consider both components of stress: the external events and demands in our lives and our inner reaction to them. Sandhu et al. (1994) defined stress as the adaptive physiological response of the human organism to internal and external force and events that disturb the homeostatic balance of the individual. Psychological stress occurs as results of a person perceiving environmental demand exceeding coping abilities. Buck (1972) defined stress as the work of environment; according to him environment is perhaps most often central in the experience of stress among adults. Swent & Gmelch (1977) found that 75% of the stress educational administrators felt come from their jobs. Conditions of one’s job and events related to work, then, become critical components of the stress syndrome. Cooper & Marshall (1976) determined that professionals involved in interaction with other people were more vulnerable to work- related stress than workers in product-oriented organizations were. Studies of police, administrators, teachers, students, and others verify this fact. Benjamir & Walz (1990) conclude that stress can best be understood as the product of interaction between three elements: the environment (the organizational or social climate, interpersonal relationships, operating procedures), the nature of the stressor (nagging, daily pressures or life- threatening events), and the individual’s vulnerability to stress (difference to coping styles, support groups, health history values). In contemporary scientific literature, stress has three distinct meanings. First, it may refer to any event or environmental stimulus that causes a person to feel tense or aroused. In this sense, stress is something external. Second, stress may refer to a subjective response. In this sense, stress is the internal mental state of tension or arousal. It is the interpretive, emotive, defensive, and coping processes occurring inside a person. Such processes may promote
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ISSN 2039-2117 (online) ISSN 2039-9340 (print) Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy Vol 6 No 2 S1 March 2015 481 growth and maturity. They also may produce mental strain. Finally, stress may be the body’s physical reaction to demand or damaging intrusions. The function of these physical reactions is probably to support behavioral and psychological efforts at coping (Baum, 1990). According to Jones and Bright (2001), some writers disagree with the idea that there is disagreement about the concept of stress. For example, Cox (1993) criticizes the ‘unfortunate but popular misconception that there is little
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