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manpower for work and, in addition, a greater wealth development. This led to a greater distinction between the English and the Spanish, which was the mass level by which slaves were used in colonial society. The Spanish too had similar ways of acquiring cheap labor services by establishing the Encomienda system. This system, unlike the English, exploited the Indians for personal profits rather than slaves imported from Africa. As English colonies, particularly in the south,focused on establishing anagrarian society; the Spanish did not focus as much on maintaining an agriculture based society. In marked contrast to England’s compact, densely populated settlements on the Atlantic, Spain established far-flung inland networks of fortified trading posts and missions. Unlike the English, they were unable to attract large numbers of colonists, and thus enlisted Native Americans as trading partners and military allies. The Catholic nation had far greater success in converting natives to Christianity than their Protestant counterpart. By 1700, Spanish missionaries, traders, and soldiers were spreading their influence beyond the range of England’s colonies; to what is now the American Midwest, Southeast, and Southwest. Unlike the English colonies in the Northeast, Spanish colonization in North America after
Valer Birlean1625 expanded upon the two bases established earlier in New Mexico and Florida. Both colonies remained small and weak through the seventeenth century. With few settlers however, they needed ties with friendly Native Americans in order to obtain land, labor, and security. But Spanish policies made friendly relations hard to come by in both colonies. The English however were far more self-ruling and therefore continued to expand. English expansion threatened Florida, while the French establishment of Louisiana defied Spain’s hope of one day linking that colony with New Mexico. Like the Spanish, the English also had difficulties with the French in the north which eventually led to the Seven Years’ War in 1756. And although the Spanish and English encountered the similar situations when colonizing North America, the English were far more successful because of their population advantage.Lastly, the British were more successful in colonizing North America prior to 1763 than the Spanish because of their differences in political jurisdiction. As the Spanish governed their colonies from Spain, communication with the colonies was never fully effective and often colonists weren’t cooperative with the king’s ruling. As the Spanish obtained profit from their colonies and then used their profits to then rule their colonies, the colonies were limited and couldn’t expand to their full potentials. The English colonies, on the other hand, though over ruled by a similar monarchy in their home country like the Spanish, had individual representative form of government in the colonies themselves which brought ease to possible expansion and for the most part was more relevant to the colonists that inhabited the land. Additionally, the Spanish were governing the land in order to spread Catholicism while the English