economic and urban development were drawn up by the local governors including a

Economic and urban development were drawn up by the

This preview shows page 92 - 94 out of 280 pages.

economic and urban development were drawn up by the local governors, including a new forum.They claimed that in this public form,“decorum and calm will reign.The Foro Bonaparte will present a spectacle of Roman Magnificence.To the pomp and display of the ancients will be united the good taste and amenities of the moderns.”The initiative was wholly homegrown and Napoleon never intervened in the project. In fact, this enterprise coincided with the Cisalpine state’s bid for independence, a move Napoleon would never allow.The Milanese projects can thus be seen as a tactic of architectural self-expression intended to gain Napoleon’s favor and their promised independence. After the battles for Milan’s liberation, Napoleon commanded the demolition of its obsolete fortification at the Castello Sforzesco. The dismantled bastions were used to fill the surrounding moats, providing a cleared and level ground for political festivities.The remaining fortress was to be converted for civil functions and the core of the new forum.Within a month, Luigi Canonica devised a basic program that combined military, commercial, and commemorative functions, and the building commission was swept away by the galvanic vision of an unsolicited project from a radical newcomer, Giovanni Antonio Antolini. Antolini had studied in Rome and had attempted a sacristy project for the Vatican, but was assigned only minor works in the Pontine. Cosimo Morelli, a fellow Romagnolo, helped the younger man attain projects in the Tiber basin managing bridges and dams. He also studied the Doric order. In search of better opportunities, he rushed to the liberated territories at Napoleon’s advent and put his ideas to work on an ephemeral arch of triumph in Faenza.Antolini then headed for Milan to design their Festa della Federazione and found steady employment, again, in hydraulic engineering on the 92 the architecture of modern italy
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city’s canals commission.The Foro Bonaparte project was drawn up when Antolini was nearing forty-five, confident in his vision but anxious to see it realized. Antolini’s proposal called for a colonnade of stripped Doric columns forming a circular precinct around the castle, 570 meters in diameter.The route from the Simplon pass enters Milan at this point. The castle, refurbished with a colossal marble portico, was to be accompanied by a ring of fourteen monumental public buildings linked along the colonnade.A customs house, an exchange, a theater, communal baths, a museum, a “pantheon,” and eight citizens’ assembly halls called, didactically, scuole or schools, animated the vast program of “modern amenities” of commerce and socialization.The specificity of Antolini’s proposal as depicted in the superb engravings of Alessandro Sanquirico, scenographer at La Scala, appeared palpable to the commission.
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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