18
“Australian Rates
& Bonds,”
Bloomberg Market
, accessed March 20, 2016,
.
15

bond rate for the given period for this report. The 10-year Australian government bond is
considered to be risk-free but in real world situation this is not the case.
19
The beta for the given time period has been calculated in Appendix E. The beta obtained through
regression analysis of the discrete weekly return for the stock against the discrete weekly return
for All Ordinaries index is 0.024. It is assumed that the beta will remain constant throughout the
period analysed.
The market’s return which was sourced in Section 2.2 is quoted as 6.23%.The return on equity
calculated using CAPM is therefore given by:
r
e
=
r
f
+
β
(
r
m
−
r
f
)
= 0.0256 + 0.024 (0.0623-0.0256)
=2.65%
3.1.2
Dividend Growth Model
The dividend growth model (DGM) assumes that the dividends grow perpetually at a constant
rate. The price of the stock is equal to the ratio of the next year dividend to the difference
between the rate of return of equity and the constant growth rate.
20
The equation below gives a
better understanding of the model:
19
Elson Goh, “Lecture 3: Cost of Capital and Valuation,” 2016, ?
course_id=_75421_1
&content_id=_3925956_1.
16

P
0
=
D
1
R
E
−
g
The DGM is only applicable if some assumptions hold true. One assumption is that the company
should pay dividend at a constant growth rate. Royal Wolf Holdings has been paying semi-
annual earnings per share. The return on equity using the Dividend Growth Model would be
given by:
r
E
=
D
1
P
0
+
g
The variables in this equation has been obtained as follow:
The share price at the beginning of the period, i.e. 1 July 2014 is $3.5.
The dividend payment for the period was 0.12 as calculated in Appendix C with the values
obtained from the Annual Report. This dividend payment assumes that the whole payment of
dividend was made at the end of the period, i.e. 30 June 2015. However, the company paid
dividend twice in the year that is on the 3
rd
October 2014 and on the 2
nd
April 2015, less than one
year after the recorded share price. The company does not pay dividend once a year and this is a
limitation of the model.
20
“Dividend Growth Model,”
Nasqad
, accessed March 20, 2016,
.
17