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oMosque was destroyed, and suddenly the conflict began←L. THEORIES OF RACIAL AND ETHNIC INEQUALITY•The Caste Analysis of Race RelationoThe boundaries of race are permanentoEducation and income cannot bridge the gapoIf you are a Brahmin in India, you are still an untouchable to a KKK, even though back in India, you have a god given right to rule
oThe United Kingdom used to send criminals to AustraliaNow these people claim to be superior in Australia, even though they’re labeled as criminals in England←M. DOMINATION THEORY•Noel’s Theory of Ethnic StratificationoEconomic class that determines your classoInterracial marriages are more common in lower classes because they’re pooroIf you are able to dominate the resources, then you will claim to be superior•Internal colonialismoWhen within a nation, a group of people controls another groupoDuring the building of the U.S., we imposed our will on the Native AmericansoPass laws to favor majority groups that could potentially cause troubleoIn Pakistan, there was a shortage of sugar cane grown in rural areas. The factories that produce sugar were in urban areas. Government made a law: anyone who processes sugar in rural areas will have 6 months in prison because the urban society needs it.←F. CONSEQUENCES•Poverty•Hunger•Crime
Poverty and Hunger17/03/2008 08:02:00←A. What is Poverty?•Absolute poverty refers to a situation when a household cannot maintain some minimum standard of living: people define the standard of living•From a human development perspective, poverty means the denial of choices and opportunities for a tolerable life•Both definitions are ambiguous, so it is hard to analyze who’s poor←B. Indicators of Poverty•Economic indicatorsoGNP: how much you produce for people to buyoAverage income:oThese 2 indicators are misleading because the income is only an average, it does not represent individuals at all.•Social Indicators: based on facts, better representation of the truthoLongevityInfant mortality: die before reaching age 1Child mortality: die before reaching age 5Life expectancy: number of years you live after birthoAccess to KnowledgeLiteracy rates: rich, urban countries tend to have highest ratesEducational achievements: rich nations have better collegesoStandard of LivingAccess to health servicesUniversal free healthcare in European nations, IndiaBut poor people in most nations around the globe do not have access to hospitals, even in rich nations like the U.S.