1 P a g e Jayme Luzzi Domestic International Tourism Professor Whitley January

1 p a g e jayme luzzi domestic international tourism

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Jayme Luzzi Domestic & International Tourism Professor Whitley January 30 th , 2020 Chapter 1 Questions 2. Why do bodies such as the U.S. Travel Association need specific tourism definitions? Why does a state or country need them? A county? A city? I personally believe that specific definitions for tourism are needed for a few reasons: For Uniformity in Global Communication. If everyone has different classifications and phrases but we all share the same world it makes it extremely difficult. For Legal Purposes. Especially in our country where taxation is an issue, the definition between tourist and resident is essential for the government both local and national to decide who or if someone should pay taxes into the community, especially if they are not a land or business owner in said community. Also, when people break the local laws, tourists are treated vastly different than a citizen or resident of the area. Often, they are removed versus facing prosecution. All levels of community and government needs these classifications to be able to adequately ensure the safety of their designated area. If only to designate varying protocols between different segments of the population that may be at great risk for committing crimes or presenting legal or health issues within the community. For Comfort and Security of Travelers. Psychologically people like classification systems as a matter of comfort and security. The tourism industry being a part of the hospitality umbrella seeks to provide those items within travel as staples to the industry. Without a classification system that is shared on a global level, people would have to change pivot and adjust their perceptions during their travels. This could potentially lead to less travel due to negative or uneasy experiences as well as a lower spending ratio on trip due to confusion and difficulty. 3. What approach to tourism study does this course take? Which approach interests you most? The course takes on a systems approach. Systems is a set of interrelated components coordinated to form a unified whole and organized to accomplish a set of goals. I read through all of the approaches (Listing of them all for study purposes later): Institutional Approach The institutional approach to the study of tourism considers the various intermediaries and institutions that perform tourism activities. It emphasizes institutions such as the travel agency. This approach requires an investigation of the organization, operating methods, problems, costs, and economic place of travel agents who act on behalf of the customer, purchasing services from airlines, rental car companies, hotels, and so on. An advantage of this approach is that the U.S. Census Bureau conducts a survey every five years on selected services that includes travel agents and lodging places, thus providing a database for further study.
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