Jayme LuzziDomestic & International TourismProfessor WhitleyJanuary 30th, 2020Chapter 1 Questions2.Why do bodies such as the U.S. Travel Association need specific tourism definitions? Why doesa state or country need them? A county? A city? I personally believe that specific definitions for tourism are needed for a few reasons:For Uniformity in Global Communication. If everyone has different classifications andphrases but we all share the same world it makes it extremely difficult.For Legal Purposes. Especially in our country where taxation is an issue, the definitionbetween tourist and resident is essential for the government both local and national todecide who or if someone should pay taxes into the community, especially if they are not aland or business owner in said community. Also, when people break the local laws, touristsare treated vastly different than a citizen or resident of the area. Often, they are removedversus facing prosecution. All levels of community and government needs theseclassifications to be able to adequately ensure the safety of their designated area. If only todesignate varying protocols between different segments of the population that may be atgreat risk for committing crimes or presenting legal or health issues within the community.For Comfort and Security of Travelers. Psychologically people like classification systems as amatter of comfort and security. The tourism industry being a part of the hospitality umbrellaseeks to provide those items within travel as staples to the industry. Without a classificationsystem that is shared on a global level, people would have to change pivot and adjust theirperceptions during their travels. This could potentially lead to less travel due to negative oruneasy experiences as well as a lower spending ratio on trip due to confusion and difficulty. 3.What approach to tourism study does this course take? Which approach interests you most? The course takes on a systems approach. Systems is a set of interrelated componentscoordinated to form a unified whole and organized to accomplish a set of goals.I read through all of the approaches (Listing of them all for study purposes later):Institutional ApproachThe institutional approach to the study of tourism considers the variousintermediaries and institutions that perform tourism activities. It emphasizes institutions such asthe travel agency. This approach requires an investigation of the organization, operatingmethods, problems, costs, and economic place of travel agents who act on behalf of thecustomer, purchasing services from airlines, rental car companies, hotels, and so on. Anadvantage of this approach is that the U.S. Census Bureau conducts a survey every five years onselected services that includes travel agents and lodging places, thus providing a database forfurther study.