in a project that defines the total scope of the project WBS is a foundation

In a project that defines the total scope of the

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in a project that defines the total scope of the project . WBS is a foundation document that provides the basis for planning and managing project schedules, costs, resources, and changes. Decomposition is subdividing project deliverables into smaller and more manageable pieces . A work package is a task at the lowest level of the WBS. The scope baseline includes the approved project scope statement and its associated WBS and WBS dictionary . 17
Sample Intranet WBS organized by Product 18
Sample Intranet WBS organized by Phase 19
Sample WBS for ERP System Project 20
Sample WBS for Software Development Project 21
Intranet WBS and Gantt Chart in MS Project 22
Intranet Gantt Chart Organized by Project Management Process Groups 23
Approaches to Developing WBSs Using guidelines: some organizations, like the DOD, provide guidelines for preparing WBSs The analogy approach : review WBSs of similar projects and tailor to your project The top-down approach : start with the largest items of the project and break them down The bottom-up approach : start with the specific tasks and roll them up Mind-mapping approach: mind mapping is a technique that uses branches radiating out from a core idea to structure thoughts and ideas 24
Sample Mind-Mapping Approach for Creating a WBS 25
Project 2007 File with WBS Generated from a Mind Map 26
The WBS Dictionary and Scope Baseline Many WBS tasks are vague and must be explained more so people know what to do and can estimate how long it will take and what it will cost to do the work A WBS dictionary is a document that describes detailed information about each WBS item The approved project scope statement and its WBS and WBS dictionary form the scope baseline , which is used to measure performance in meeting project scope goals 27
Advice for Creating a WBS and WBS Dictionary A single unit of work should appear at only one place in the WBS The work content of a WBS item is the sum of the WBS items below it A WBS item is the responsibility of only one individual , even though many people may be working on it The WBS must be consistent with the way in which work is actually going to be performed ; it should serve the project team first and other purposes only if practical 28
Advice for Creating a WBS and WBS Dictionary (continued) Project team members should be involved in developing the WBS to ensure consistency and buy-in Each WBS item must be documented in a WBS dictionary to ensure accurate understanding of the scope of work included and not included in that item The WBS must be a flexible tool to accommodate inevitable changes while properly maintaining control of the work content in the project according to the scope statement 29
Validating Scope 30 Planning Scope Collecting Requirements Defining Scope Creating the WBS Controlli ng Scope Inspection (stakeholders) Project Management Plan Inputs Outputs Tools & Techniques Accepted Deliverables Change requests Validating Scope Requirements Traceability Matrix Requirements Documentation Validated Deliverables Project Document Updates

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