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APA RESEARCH PAPER 5.17.17 8:16:55 PMof the global seed market when they were able to buy out the company Seminis. This ended up making them the largest seed company, not just in the U.S but also worldwide. (Gifford). They are buying these seeds and then using a germplasm to turn what was once a “normal” seed into a GMO seed. This GMO technology is supposed to create seeds that are drought tolerant plants or plants that contain higher nutrients. It seems like this is all something done to help farmers in the long run but really the company is able to steal a high quality seed that has been worked on over generations and add the favored germplasm and call it their own seed and now sell it on the market. (Gifford). This again goes into the ethics of egoism. Stealing seeds from other farmers tomake it their own just to make a profit. This is not only related to egoism but also the social contract theory that pertains to agriculture. It states, “Those engaged in agriculture can expect a reasonable reward –govt. Subsidies are evidence of social concern for agriculture…” (Hyder, 2017). These agriculture industries are apart of social contracts and their morality lies upon thesecontracts. They are expecting a reward, which is generally money, after producing something foragriculture purposes. Egoism and the social contract are two ethical theories that Monsanto follows. 1.c Since Monsanto owns most of the seeds in the U.S it is easy for farmers to come across these already patented seeds and not know they are Monsanto seeds. When in a field thereis no difference between the GMO plants and the natural plants. The only way to find out is by either testing the plant or spraying round up on the crop. The GMO plants are resistant while the other plants will die off. This is where Monsanto comes in and can actually sue farmers for growing there seeds with out their knowing. It was told in The Future of Food documentary that sometimes wind can blow seeds in from near by farms and contaminate the original crop being grown. So the farmers are not doing this purposely but still ending in lawsuits. It is extremely 4
APA RESEARCH PAPER 5.17.17 8:16:55 PMhard for a small town farmer to win a fight against such a large corporation that has plenty of money to spend on the case. This again shows that Monsanto follows the ethics of egoism they are not giving any thought into what might have been the reasoning these farmers ended up with their patented seeds, they only care about getting their company the money it “deserves” from the farmer growing there seeds. This also goes against the ethics of care, they are not expanding their boundaries to others and only taking themselves into consideration. 1.d Monsanto can sue farmers but on the other hand farmers can try and fight back Monsanto as well. A popular case with Percy Shmeiser went viral when a round up ready canola was found growing on his farm.