Failure to conform to social norms → breaking rules, doing something illegal. • Deceitfulness/lying → repeated lying, trying to con/scam other people, use of aliases • Impulsivity-failure to plan ahead → reckless behavior, not planning ahead, risk taking behaviors. Might be driving 100+ hours at night that could be hurtful and dangerous to others. • Irritability and aggressiveness (physical fights) → repeated physical fights/assaults • Consistent irresponsibility (work, financial obligations) → repeated failure to go to work, to sustain consistent work, or to honor financial obligations to pay bills → promised people to pay them back but never did.
• Lack of remorse to hurting others/indifference → not all people with ASPD lack empathy or are indifference to their actions, some of them are but not everyone. Typically there are sociopaths and psychopaths words are used interchangeably. But when we’ve tried to disentangle them, sociopaths are the ones who engage in rule-breaking/violent behavior/aggressive behavior but they don’t lack all empathy, they’re necessarily not remorseful for actions. May engage in violent behavior but not necessarily that they’re not sorry about it. Psychopaths more with the characteristic of lack of remorse, not being empathetic, not having empathy, not having perspective taking, so being a bit more sinister in that regard. The pattern of these types of behaviors. At least three instances of deviant behavior (conduct disorder) before age 15 -Typically we see conduct disorder in people who go on to develop ASPD Conduct disorder → skipping school, fire setting, harming animals, vandalism, physical fights. Looking for a pattern of behavior over time that consistently violates rules and norms. Before we had this diagnosis of ASPD, we talked about psychopathy personality trait. Psychopathy is by definition Lack of remorse/guilt, callousness, glibness (lack of sincerity), grandiose, superficial charm, pathological lying, selfish → characteristics of what we see in that personality trait. At this point psychopathy is only one aspect of ASPD, it’s not the same as ASPD, it’s only one part of it. Some people with ASPD may have this, some people do not have this. Controversies -Should we be using Psychopathy instead of ASPD? a.Should we be focusing on this personality trait more than ASPD, more than some of the sociopathic tendencies which tend to be acting out/aggressive behavior, lots of behaviors that might land someone in jail. Lots of people in jail may meet criteria for ASPD because done a lot of these things, but they don’t necessarily have that psychopath aspect to it, psychopathy aspect of it. Criminal behavior but it’s distinct. -Psychopathy is a better predictor of violence and recidivism among inmates if somebody has that trait → that seems to be what’s more important than the behavior itself. Is having this trait and predicting if they’re going to re-offend and if they’re going to commit additional crimes.
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- Spring '14
- Abnormal Psychology, Borderline personality disorder, Antisocial personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder