to their charges. The sole purpose of an arraignment is for the defendant to enter their official
plea to the charges. The four possible pleas that a defendant can enter are not guilty, not guilty
by reason of insanity,
(no contest), or guilty . If the defendant enters a guilty
plea, the court must then determine whether or not the plea was entered knowingly and
 Joel Samaha,
(9 ed. 2014).
Model Short Answer:
The initial appearance (arraignment) merely advises the person of the
charges, their rights, and establishes bail or remands to custody. The Prelim is a mini-trial to
prove there's enough probable cause to go to trial, and the Grand Jury is similar to that, but in
secret, closed to the public, but the same goal; to determine whether there is enough probable
cause to go forward with a trial.
Well done! Please see the model answer and citation below:
A first appearance is the first time a magistrates sees the person and at the person appearance
there should be four tasks completed which is to inform the defendant(s) of the charges against
them, inform the defendant(s) of their constitutional rights, set bail or detain the defendant, and
to appoint attorneys for indigent defendants.  If it is a misdemeanor case the defendant will
enter plead guilty or not guilty at their first appearance but more than likely it will be guilty.
 In an arraignment it is usually the proceeding that orders a defendant or defendants to come
to court and plead to the charges that are against them.  This is set aside for defendants with