Below the united states capitol building is the

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Below:The United States Capitol building is the meeting place of the United States Congress, abicameral legislature, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House ofRepresentatives.President Rutherford B. Hayes (1877 – 1881) was committed to civil service reform.He established acommission to investigate the nation’s customs houses, which were notoriously corrupt.Hayes fired twotop officials in New York City’s customs house, where all of the more than 1,000 employees had spenttheir time working for the Republican Party.These firings enraged New York Republican senator Roscoe Conkling and his supporters, a group knownas the Stalwarts ( OPPOSED CIVIL SERVCE REFORM).The Stalwarts were a faction of the RepublicanParty opposed to civil service reform.They were pitted against the Half-Breeds (moderates) for controlof the Republican Party.The Half-Breeds fought to achieve civil service reform, while the Stalwartsopposed it.President Hayes decided not to run for re-election in 1880.At the Republican national convention,tensions erupted between the Stalwarts, who opposed changes in the spoils system, and the Half-Breeds, the reform faction of the Republican Party.The convention eventually nominated James A.Garfield (1831 – 1881), a moderate congressman from Ohio.The Republicans nominated one of Senator Roscoe Conkling’s supporters, Chester A. Arthur (1829 –1886) as Garfield’s running mate.Arthur was a member of the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party.Arthur had been removed from a position in the United States Customs House in New York City byPresident Hayes.
James Garfield won the presidential election of 1880.He defeated Winfield Scott Hancock, a career U.S.Army officer.Once elected, Garfield gave his support to the Half-Breeds, the reform-mindedRepublicans.This infuriated the Stalwarts.On July 2, 1881, at 9:30 a.m., as President Garfield was walking through a railroad station in Washington,D.C., he was shot twice from behind.The gunman was Charles J. Guiteau. Guiteau was upset because ofthe rejection of his repeated attempts to be appointed as the United States consul in Paris – a positionfor which he had absolutely no qualifications.As he was being arrested after the shooting, Charles Guiteau repeatedly said, “I am a Stalwart of theStalwarts!I did it and I want to be arrested!Arthur is President now!”One bullet grazed Garfield’s arm; the second bullet lodged in his spine and could not be found.Garfieldbecame increasingly ill over a period of several weeks due to infection, which caused his heart toweaken.He remained bedridden for weeks with fevers and extreme pain.After a long, painful battle with infections brought on by his doctors poking and probing his wound withunwashed hands and non-sterilized instruments, President Garfield died of a massive heart attack onSeptember 19, 1881, eleven weeks after being shot.His presidency lasted only 200 days.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mr.Hamid
Tags
Test, Chester A Arthur, The Gilded Age,

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