The full subject is the hungry student in the

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The full subject is "The hungry student in the cafeteria.” The adjective "hungry" and prepositional phrase "in the cafeteria" modify "student"; therefore, they are a part of the subject. If you are asked to identify the simple subject (as opposed to the full subject), then use the noun without any modifiers. The simple subjects in the examples above are: 1. Maria 2. Maria 3. Student 4. Student Significantly, all subjects include a noun. The full subject includes all modifiers; the simple subject does not. The subject may also be a pronoun. For example: 5. She eats the sandwich. In this sentence, the pronoun "she" is the subject.
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The predicate It can be arguably correct to state that the predicate of any sentence is a verb as the verb is the main element in the predicate that complete the meaning of the sentence after the subject. A predicate may be one word or many words. (1) A predicate may be just a single word: the verb . In this first example, the verb laughed is the predicate of the sentence: Felix laughed . (2) A predicate may be a word group made up of a main verb and any helping verbs . In the next example, will sing is the predicate: Winnie will sing . Notice that the helping verb ( will ) comes before the main verb ( sing ). (3) A predicate may also be a complete verb phrase : that is, a main verb and all the words related to that verb except the subject. In this last example, the predicate is the verb phrase is always greener on the other side : The grass is always greener on the other side . Whether it is just one word or many words, the predicate usually follows the subject and tells us something about it. Therefore, the predicate will always be a verb as seen in the above examples. The verb is the main component of the predicate and hence without it, the meaning of the sentence will be lost.
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