Wash 40 c 021 wash 60 c 039 wash 90 c060 air vented

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Wash 40 °C 0.21 Wash 60 °C 0.39 Wash 90 °C 0.60 Air vented tumble dryer (class C) 0.67 Condenser tumble dryer (class C) 0.73 Will Clothing Be Sustainable? Clarifying Sustainable Fashion 17
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parameterised, and set to occur after on average 20, 100 and 0 % of the washes in Sweden, USA and China, respectively. 2.4.4 Consumer Transports The consumer transport is assumed to be a mix of modes in Sweden [on average 3.85 kg CO 2 -eq./kg garment (Roos et al. 2015b )], car in the USA (on average 5 kg CO 2 -eq./kg garment) and by foot/bicycle in China (on average 0 kg CO 2 -eq./kg garment), the second two fi gures chosen just to give clear results. 2.4.5 Summary of Scenario Parameters Table 7 summarises the parameters used in the study of the Swedish clothing sector and for the scenario development for USA and China. 2.4.6 Results from the Scenarios Table 8 shows how the percentage between the climate impact on production, consumer transport and laundry varies in the scenarios. Scenario A represents the current states for Sweden and USA, where roughly 10 kg of garments per person and year is consumed (consumption per capita in US dollar/year is 704 respective 730 (see Table 5 )). As discussed in 2.4.1, the con- sumption per capita in China of 121 US dollars/year is dif fi cult to translate into kg of garments, and scenario B as well as C might apply. The use phase laundry contribution to climate impact on the garment life cycle clearly increases as the climate impact on the national electricity mix increases. Also, the life length (or rather the rate of consumption of new garments) plays a signi fi cant role for the distribution between production and laundry climate impacts. Table 7 Parameters in the study of the Swedish clothing sector and for the scenario development for USA and China for the use phase Use phase parameters Sweden USA China Amounts of garments consumed per capita (USD/year) 704 730 121 Electricity climate impact (kg CO 2 -eq./kWh) 40 530 970 Average washing temperature (°C) 40 40 40 Average washing frequency (uses per wash) 2 1 2 Tumble drying (drying cycles per wash) 0.2 1.0 0 Emissions for consumer transport (kg CO 2 -eq./kg purchased garments) 3.85 5.0 0 18 S. Roos et al.
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3 De fi ning Sustainable Clothing from the Perspective of a Safe and just Operating Space In steering towards a goal, it is important to understand and de fi ne that goal. In the case of the endeavour towards a more sustainable clothing industry, we must understand and de fi ne what we mean by a sustainable clothing industry . Depending on the actor, and the actions that are within the actor s reach, this may, for example, be about understanding and de fi ning a sustainable garment , a sustainable fashion company , a sustainable national retail sector or some other entity somewhere on the scale from the single garment to the global clothing sector.
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  • Fall '19
  • Sustainable fashion, Sandra Roos

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