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So marriage firstly for “perpetual friendship” (ie mutual support).Romeo and Juliet develop a reciprocal relationship. Romeo joins withJuliet to construct a much more modern (to an Elizabethan audience) sonnet. Romeo: If I profane with my unworthiest hand
This holy shrine, the gentle sin is this:My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready standTo smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.Juliet: Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much,Which mannerly devotion shows in this;For saints have hands that pilgrims’ hands do touch,And palm to palm is holy palmers’ kiss.Romeo: Have not saints lips, and holy palmers too?Juliet: Ay, pilgrim, lips that they must use in prayer.Romeo: O then, dear saint, let lips do what hands do:They pray: grant thou, lest faith turn to despair.Juliet: Saints do not move, though grant for prayer’s sake.Romeo: Then move not, while my prayer’s effect I take. [He kisses her.](1.5.92-105)This shows a new discourse of mutuallove. Unlike a Petrarchan sonnet where the woman cannot respond or intervene, here we hear Juliet responding to Romeo. This discourse of mutual love does not make Juliet a twenty-first-century teenage lover, but it does make her a more modern woman to the Elizabethan audience.